25 August 1779. Destroyed by Brodhead.
Where: 42.158693 -78.747855 Yoghroonwago
Maps: [map notes]
- Elvin Birth, The 1779 Western Campaigns, Raleigh: 2003, privately published, "Journals.pdf", p.115. 41.783799 -79.282137 .
- Conover, George S., compiler Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan Against the Six Nations Indians in 1779.., Auburn NY: Knapp, Peck & Thomason, 1887, p.308, suggested by Elvin Birth.
At the upper Seneca Towns we found a painted image or War post, clothed in
Dog skin, & John Montour told me this Town was called Yoghroonwago, besides this
we found seven other Towns, consisting in the whole of one hundred and thirty Houses,
some of which were large enough. for the accommodation of three or four Indian families.
The Troops remained on the ground three whole days destroying the Towns &
Corn Fields. I never saw finer Corn altho' it was planted much thicker than is common
with our Farmers. The quantity of Corn and other vegetables destroyed at the several
Towns, from the best accounts I can collect from the officers employed to destroy it,
must certainly exceed five hundred acres which is the lowest estimate, and the plunder
is estimated at 3o m. Dollars*
* Meaning probably $30,000.
- New York State Museum Bulletin, Issue 78, University of the State of New York, 1905.
Aug. 11 Colonel Brodhead left Pittsburg against the Senecas and Mingoes on the Allegheny river. A skirmish took place before he reached Cannowago, which had
been long deserted. Other Indian towns were abandoned as he advanced and were burned. The upper Seneca town Yoghroonwago was destroyed with others. In this
march of 400 miles not a man was lost, and 135 large cabins were burned, each holding several families. There were indications that all these Senecas were preparing to
remove. The Iroquois were in great distress through the winter, many dying from pestilence. Other nations were awed and began to treat for peace.
Except in the loss of life, for Sullivan's morning and evening guns kept the Indians at a safe distance, these expeditions differed in no respect from the Indian raids on
the frontier, and gave to Washington and his successors the name of Ha-no-da-ga'-nears, Destroyer of Towns, one name of some French governors. Cornplanter
spoke of this in his pathetic speech to Washington in 1790:
When your army entered the country of the Six Nations we called you the Town Destroyer; and to this day, when that name is heard, our women look behind them
and turn pale, and our children cling close to the necks of their mothers. Our councilors and warriors are men, and can not be afraid; but their hearts are grieved with the
fears of our women and children, and desire that it may be buried so deep as to be heard no more. When you gave us peace, we called you father, because you
promised to secure us in the possession of our lands. Do this, and so long as the lands shall remain, that beloved name will live in the heart of every Seneca.
- Aug 1779 listing. 8/11 - 9/14/1779 Brodhead's Expedition against the Indians. American victory.