Lt.Col. Tarleton captured 9 sloops and 20 cannon, 20 Apr 1780
32.9293398 -79.8311931, Wando River, Cainhoy, upper limit of navigation
32.88546 -79.843643 Brick Kiln (JCP)
32.94538 -79.725691 Miller's bridge (JCP)
32.8160092 -79.9111977 Wando River, mouth
Maps: [map notes]
- 32.9293398 -79.8311931, Wando River, Cainhoy, upper limit of navigation, possible area of capture, unk. American cdrs. vs. *Lt.Col. Tarleton, 9 sloops and 20 cannon captured, 20 Apr 1780
- GNIS record for Cainhoy.
Note mapping options.
- Confidence: 5(Cainhoy), 3(captures)
- 32.885631,-79.842458 Brick Kiln (Brickyard), Capt. Adam Sanders vs. *unk. Brit. cdr, 30 men forced to abandon boats, 20 Apr 1780? (JCP)
- ACME Mapper.
- National Map
- Confidence: 4(brickyard, escape from boats), 3(captures)
- 32.94538,-79.725691 Miller's Bridge, British blockhouse (JCP)
- ACME Mapper.
- National Map
- Confidence: 5(bridge, blockhouse)
- 32.8160092 -79.9111977 Wando River, mouth
- GNIS record for Wando River.
Note mapping options.
- Confidence: 5(mouth), 0(captures)
- The supposition made is that the most likely area of Tarleton's capture of the sloops and cannon would have been in the narrow 3-mile stretch between the Brickyard and Cainhoy (the upper limit of navigation of the Wando River per McCrady).
- Pension Application of William Hargis: W82, Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris
On this 10th day of April A.D. 1833,
The troops again
rendezvoused at Hillsborough– They were marched under the command of Col. Hugh Tinnon to
a point on Cooper river in sight of Charleston South Carolina. When they arrived at the above
point the engagement had commenced at Charleston. This declarant together with about fifty
others were under Captain Adam Sanders sent up the river in Boats for the purpose of conveying
all the vessels they could which lay up the river down to Charlestown– About thirty of the fifty
having taken some vessels down were enabled to reach town. But this declarant together with
the balance, on their return, reached what was called the old Brickyard on the river [sic: probably
near Mount Pleasant SC on a branch of the Cooper River now called the Wando River] we were
compelled to leave our boats and make our escape into the woods on the East side of the river.
We went then our Captain being with us to Santee river which we crossed at Duprees & Lippees
ferry, as he understood one of the above individuals owning the boat & landing on one side &
the other the oposite side of the river.
- Anthony Allaire, "Diary of Lieut. Anthony Allaire", Lyman Coleman Draper, King's Mountain and Its Heroes: History of the Battle of King's Mountain ...
Monday, 17th. Crossed Bono Ferry and passed on to Miller's
Bridge, over a branch of Wando river, where we took up our ground
about nine o'clock in the evening. This day passed St. Thomas'
church, where we met the Thirty-third regiment.
Tuesday, 18th. Began to fortify at the Bridge, and make a block
house in order to keep post here with a few men.
Wednesday, 19th. Maj. Ferguson, with fifty of the American
Volunteers, and part of the North Carolinians, moved on to join the.
Thirty-third and Sixty-fourth regiments, and the British Legion, which
had gone forward to attack a Rebel post at Lempriere's Point. The
British were coming back; they had marched up to the fort, but found
it so strong that it was imprudent to storm it with so few men.
Thursday, 20th. Remained at Miller's Bridge, finishing the block
house. Col. Tarleton surprised and took nine sloops with goods, stores,
etc., and twenty pieces of cannon.
- Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1780-1783, 1902
Macmillan & Co., Ltd., p.590
... at Cainhoy,
at the head of navigation of Wando River, about twelve
miles from Charlestown, ...
JR Note: The schooners were captured by Lt.Col. Tarleton, a dragoon commander. It is probable that they were captured near the northern limits of navigation, near shore, where the river was most narrow.
- Banastre Tarleton, A History of the Campaigns of 1780 and 1781 in the Southern Provinces of North America. 1787
The only mention Tarleton makes of this incident is that in a letter, mention is made that some of the vessels captured by "Cornwallis" were equipped with guns.
- NBBAS:Two Not found.
- Sherman's Calendar....
Search for 20 april [raid]
20 April. [raid] Wando River (Charleston County, S.C.)
Allaire: "Thursday, 20th. Remained at Miller's Bridge, finishing the block house. Col. Tarleton surprised and took
nine sloops with goods, stores, etc., and twenty pieces of cannon."
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- Terry Lipscomb,
Neither Brick Kiln, Brickyard nor Miller's Bridge are listed as actions. Wando River and Cainhoy are not mentioned in this context.
- The Carolina Lowcountry, April 1775-June 1776, SCDAH, 1994,
- "South Carolina Revolutionary Battles";
- Battles, Skirmishes and Actions of the American Revolution in South Carolina, SCDAH, 1991;
- Apr 1780 listing
4/20/1780 Wando River. British victory. Per O'Kelley.
- RevWar75 Brick Kiln. Brickyard. Not found.
- RevWar75 Miller's Bridge. Not found.
- RevWar75 Cainhoy. Not found.
Confidence level:: See above.