Database: Brimstone Hill  : Frigate Bay

Saint Kitts.

Other names:

What:
Siege, 11 Jan 1782 - 12 Feb 1782, *Marquis de Bouille vs. Gen. Fraser
Naval battle, 25-26 Jan 1782, Adm. De Grasse vs. *Adm. Samuel Hood

Where:
17.34764, -62.83565, Brimstone Fortress
17.2779, -62.6880, Frigate Bay

Maps: [map notes]

  • 17.34764, -62.83565, Brimstone Fortress
  • AcmeMap
  • Google
  • Bing
  • MapQuest. Click "Find Places".
  • Confidence: 4

  • 17.2779, -62.6880, Frigate Bay
  • AcmeMap
  • Google
  • Bing. Plot appears a bit off from other map servers.
  • MapQuest. Click "Find Places".
  • Confidence: 4

Sources:

  • Who was the British commander who surrendered St. Kitts 12 Feb 1782? RevList messages:
    • John Robertson, 92140. Question asked.
    • Chris Woolf, 92146 Col. Thomas Fraser, 1st/1st
      "Fortesue (Vol.III History of the British Army) identifies him as one General Fraser. ... it would more likely be Thomas Fraser who held the regimental rank of Lt-Col of the 1st/1st at this time. He was ranked as a Colonel in the Army from 17th Nov 1780, and so may have held local rank as Brigadier- or Major- General. ... "The British garrison consisting of about 700 men of the 1st and 15th Foot under General Fraser, thereupon retired to Brimstone Hill." (Fortescue.414 ff) ...This was the 1st Battn of the 1st or Royal Regiment, and a portion of the 15th. A detachment of the 15th had been taken just a few weeks before by the French in their re-capture of St-Eustatius on Nov 26th 1781), together with the 13th and minor other detachments."
    • Steven Baule, 92147 2/1st, not 1/1st
    • Chris Woolf, 92149 1st/1st
    • Todd Braisted, 92152 1st/1st
    • Chris Woolf, 92157

  • Edward Cust, Annals of the Wars of the Eighteenth Century, 1862, J. Murray. P.321-324.

  • Alfred Thayer Mahan, The Major Operations of the Navies in the War of American Independence, 1913. P.97-109, The Final Naval Campaign In The West Indies. Hood And De Grasse. Rodney And De Grasse. The Great Battle Of April 12, 1782. Regrettably, no illustrations included.

  • Alfred Thayer Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783, 1889. P.212-228, "Events In The West Indies After The Surrender Of Yorktown--Encounters Of De Grasse With Hood.--The Sea Battle Of The Saints.--1781, 1782."

  • Boatner, p.14, 444.

  • Piers Mackesy, War for America, Published 1993, U of Nebraska Press, p.330, 334.

  • Archive Wars, Campaigns and Operations of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth, "War with France & Spain 1778-1783". 1782 Jan. 11 - 1782 Feb. 12, 1st Battalion, 1st Regiment of Foot, 1782.01; 1st Battalion, 15th Regiment of Foot, 1782.01 captured by the French at St. Kitts; 1st Battalion, 28th Regiment of Foot, 1782.01 captured by the French at St. Kitts; 1st Battalion, 28th Regiment of Foot, 1782.01 captured by the French at St. Kitts; 1st Battalion, 55th Regiment of Foot, 1782.01 captured by the French at St. Kitts; 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot, service as marines; det captured by the French at St. Kitts Jan. 1782; exchanged later in year,

  • Archive Brimstone Hill.

  • Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park.

  • Brimstone Hill Fortress, the Gibralta of the West Indies.

  • Battle of St. Kitts, or Battle of Frigate Bay, 25 and 26 January 1782.

  • Snippets from Thomas Jefferys, St. Christophers, or Saint Kitts, 1775, image 472302 from David Rumsey Historical Map Collection at DavidRumsey.com:

    Frigate Bay

    Frigate Bay

    Brimstone Hill

    Brimstone Hill

  • Samuel Hood

  • Archive His Majesty's Fifth Regiment of Foot, St. Kitts, West Indies: January 11-February 12, 1782, captured by the French.

  • Timothy Neeno, "War Comes to the Islands: The American Revolutionary War in the Caribbean

  • John Knox Laughton, From Howard to Nelson: Twelve Sailors, Published 1899 Lawrence and Bullen, ltd. Hood, p.359 ff.

  • Samuel Hood Hood, Letters Written by Sir Samuel Hood (Viscount Hood) in 1781-2-3, Published 1895, Printed for the Navy Records Society.

  • RevWar75 RevWar75
    listing 1/11 - 2/12/1782 St. Kitts. French victory.
    Naval battle, 25-26 Jan 1782. Not found.

Related sites: Nevis, Fort Charles

Submitted by: John Robertson

Confidence level: 5

12-7-16