Strategic ford on Broad River, SC. McDowell's camp before Musgroves.
Where: 34.9967978 -81.48536871 Smith's Ford
Maps: [map notes]
- James Gettys McGready, The Annals of Tennessee to the End of the Eighteenth Century: Comprising Its ..., 1853,
John Russell, p.217
McDowell's policy was to change his camp frequently.
He now lay at Smith's ford of Broad River. Here he received
information that a party of four or five hundred tories
were encamped at Musgrove's mill, on the south side of Eno-
ree River, about forty miles distant. He again detached
Shelby and Clarke, together with Col. Williams, of South-
Carolina, who had joined his command, to surprise and disperse them. Ferguson lay, with his whole force, at that
time, exactly between. The detachment amounted to six
- Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1775-1780, 1901,
Macmillan & Co., Ltd., p.755.
Ferguson, it will be recollected, had recrossed the
Broad as soon as he heard of the expedition against Innes at
Musgrove's Mills, and had endeavored to intercept Shelby,
Clarke, and Williams on their retreat. Failing in this, he
had encamped for some time at Fair Forest in the Brandon
settlement, from which he had sent out detachments
through the country in search of the prominent Whig
leaders, overawing all opposition, plundering wherever
they found anything they needed or coveted, and administering
the oath of allegiance to all who would take it,
with liberal terms of pardon to those who had been active
participators in the rebellion. He had then moved forward
and crossed the North Carolina line into Try on
County, and had followed McDowell's men who had been
beating about the mountain country since retiring from
Smith's Ford on Broad River and were now retreating
toward Watauga, in East Tennessee.
McDowell, unable to meet Ferguson on equal terms,
planned an ambuscade at Cowan's Ford on Cane Creek,
about fifteen miles from Gilbert Town, by which he succeeded
in striking a blow and inflicting considerable loss
on the enemy, killing several and, among others, severely
wounding Major Dunlap. The British then retired to Gilbert
Town, carrying their wounded with them; while McDowell's
party, numbering about one hundred and sixty
only, directed their retreat up the Catawba valley.
- John Belton O'Neall, The Annals of Newberry: In Two Parts, 1892, Aull & Houseal, p.256
For some reason Col. Williams did not participate with
Sumter in the affair of Huck's defeat, nor in the battle of
Hanging Rock. It is probable his anxiety for his family, and
the state of affairs in Ninety-Six, turned his attention to that
quarter, and that he was engaged in visiting his own fireside,
and gathering recruits. In the Magnolia of 1840, 2nd vol. p.
30, Major McJunkin states, that after the battle of Hanging
Rock, on the march towards Charlotte, Col. Williams joined
Sumter. It is probable that his force was not sufficiently
strong to cope with Col. Innis, and hence that he sought his
associate, Col. Sumter, and obtained from him the aid which
enabled him to turn back. He crossed Broad River at Smith's
Ford, on the evening of the 10th of August, and pressed his
march with the accustomed celerity of mounted militia men
of that time.
- RevWar75 Not found (not an action).
Confidence level:: See above.