Database

Renfroe's Station.

What:
Renfroe's Station,7-1780 Turpin & other killed scalped by Choctaw & Chickasaw. 20 others killed after escaping.

Other names:

Where:
36.534733,-87.197466, Renfroe's Station
36.54512 -87.21797, Battle Creek massacre site

Maps: [map notes]

  • 36.54650 -87.21913, Renfroe's Station, Montgomery County
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 4

  • 36.54512 -87.21797, Battle Creek massacre site, Robertson County
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 2

    Sources:

    • Renfroe's Station historical marker
      Established in 1780 as the first settlement in Montgomery County, Renfroe's Station was located 1.4 miles of here, on the north side of the Red River at the mouth of Parson's [Passenger] Creek. Moses Renfroe's party broke from the John Donelson flotilla, which later settled in Nashville. Lasting only three months, the Renfroe settlement fell to Indian hostilities.
      N 36° 32.084 W 087° 11.848 (36.53471 -87.19746)

    • GNISGNIS record for Parson [Passenger] Creek. Mouth: 36.5450471 -87.2180606.

    • AcmeAcme map showing marker location (Route 16), that of Renfroe's Station (on Red River) and massacre site on Battle Creek near Coopertown.

    • Edward Albright, Early History of Middle Tennessee, Chapter 19, "Massacre At Renfroe's Station".
      During the month of July [1780] Renfroe's Station at the mouth of Red River was attacked by a combined force of Choctaws and Chickasaws. In this onslaught Nathan TurpiN and another man whose name is now unknown were slain and scalped. The fort was thereupon abandoned The Turpin family were relatives of the Freeland's, and, therefore, would go to Freeland's Station, while JOHNS and some of the others would stop on the East side of the river at Eaton's. They began their journey at once, taking with them only a few necessary articles. The remainder of their household goods and personal effects were hidden as securely as possible about the deserted fort. After a day of hard travel they camped by the roadside about dusk. After they had eaten supper some of the party began to express regret at their hasty flight and decided to return that night to the fort and bring away more of their property. Beginning the return journey at once, they reached the deserted fort in the early hours of the morning, and by daylight had gathered up all they could carry away. They then started the second time toward Eaton's and the Bluff. That evening they went into camp in what is now Cheatham County, two miles north of Sycamore Creek.

      During the night they were surprised by a party of Indians who fell upon them with sudden and destructive fire. The settlers scattered and fled through the darkness in every direction, but they were pursued and all save one-a Mrs. Jones-perished by the tomahawk in the hands of an unrelenting foe. Men, women and children, the latter detected by their crying, were hunted down and chopped to death with wanton cruelty. About twenty persons were killed in this terrible massacre. Among the number were Joseph Renfroe, and Mr. Johns together with his entire family, consisting of twelve persons. Mrs. Jones, who escaped, was rescued next day and brought in safety to Eaton's Station by Henry Ramsey, a brave Indian fighter and worthy pioneer. Those of the company who had not turned back but had continued their journey, arrived at their destination in safety. When news of the above disaster reached Eaton's and the bluff a rescuing party from each went at once to the scene of the massacre and there gave aid to the mortally wounded, and buried the dead. By the light of the morning they found that the Indians, probably the same band which had made the assault on Renfroe's Station, had captured and carried away all the horses and much of the plunder. Such of the latter as remained they had broken and scattered over the ground.

    • North American Forts, Middle Tennessee:
      Renfroe's Station (1780), Clarksville A settlers' fort located at the mouth of the Red River. It was attacked and destroyed in July 1780. Fleeing survivors were caught and massacred at Battle Creek 17 miles east, two miles southeast of Coopertown.

  • RevWar75 RevWar75  
    Not found.

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