Database

Pocotaligo

Other names:
Vanbibber's Tavern

What:
4 Mar 1781, near Pocotaligo, unk. American cdr. vs. Fenwick's SC Light Dragoons
Sep 1781, unk. American cdr. vs. detachment of South Carolina Royalists
Oct 1781 near Pocotaligo, unk. American cdr. vs. detachment of Duke of Cumberland's Regiment

Where: 32.64135 -80.852914 Pocotaligo

Maps: [map notes]

Sources:

  • Arbitrary location was selected arbitrarily on east side of river and within 1/4 mile of Fort Balfour, per Lipscomb, following.

  • Terry Lipscomb, Names in South Carolina, XXV, Winter 1978, p.26-27, "South Carolina Revolutionary Battles, Part Six"
    Harden withdrew about ten miles and waited for several days. On April 13, he again pressed forward to Pocotaligo and took the enemy by surprise in broad daylight. Colonel Fenwick and Colonel Lechmere were captured with several British dragoons near Vanbibber's Tavern, where they had deposited their wounded from the previous skirmish. This left Colonel Kelsall and Major Andrew DeVeaux in command of Fort Balfour, the wellfortified British post at Pocotaligo. When Harden threatened to take the fort by storm, a mutiny broke out among the garrison of "Loyalists," half of whom were secretly sympathetic to the Patriot~., Kelsall had no choice but to surrender the fort, even though it was doubtful that Harden could carry out his threat. The Patriots paroled the garrison, burned the fort and leveled the works, then withdrew when British reinforcements arrived.' The eighteenth century village of Pocotaligo was located on the east side of the Pocotaligo River in the extreme northwestern corner of present Beaufort County; the modern community of Pocotaligo is across the river in Jasper County. Vanbibber's Tavern was apparently located in the old village and was owned and operated in colonial times by Jacob Vanbibber. Several memoirs of the Revolution contain misspellings of this name, and some of these have found their way into recently published books. Vanbibber's was written by Paul Hamilton 4 as "Von Bitter's" and by Tarleton Brown as "Bambifer's." W.D. James inaccurately transcribed it from an original Harden letter as "Vanberst"; according to R. W. Gibbes's' transcription of the same letter, Harden actually wrote it as "Vanbiber's." Fort Balfour was named for the British commandant of Charleston, Lieutenant Colonel Nisbet Balfour, and was located less than a quarter of a mile from Vanbibber's Tavern.

  • Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1780-1783, 1902, Macmillan & Co., Ltd., p.537
    Published 1902 Still more brilliant and successful was Harden, whom Marion had despatched across the country to carry the war back to the neighborhood of Charlestown itself to its south and west. In a week he had four times attacked the British successfully at Four Holes, Barton's Post, Pocotaligo, in Colleton, and Fort Balfour, in Beaufort, and a few days after had fought Browne at Wiggins's Hill in what is now Barnwell County.

  • RoyalProvincial.com, "War Chronology, 1781"
    04 Mar 1781 near Pocotaligo, South Carolina, South Carolina Light Dragoons (Fenwick's)
    13 Apr 1781 near Pocotaligo, South Carolina South Carolina Light Dragoons (Fenwick's), detachment of South Carolina Militia
    Sep 1781 Pocotaligo, South Carolina, detachment of South Carolina Royalists
    Oct 1781 near Pocotaligo, South Carolina, Detachment of Duke of Cumberland's Regiment

  • RevWar75 RevWar75  
  • Mar 1781 listing  
    3/4/1781 near Pocotaligo. Insufficient data. Per Braisted.
  • Apr 1781 listing  
    4/8/1781 Patterson's Bridge (Saltketcher Bridge, Pocotaligo Road). Draw. Per Peckham, O'Kelley. [Patterson's Bridge]
    4/13/1781 near Pocotaligo. Insufficient data. Per Braisted. [Fort Balfour]
  • Sep 1781 listing  
    9/1781 Pocotaligo. Insufficient data. Per Braisted.
  • Oct 1781 listing  
    10/1781 near Pocotaligo. Insufficient data. Per Braisted.

Related locations:
Tullifinny Hill 4 May 1779,   Red Hill 7 Apr 1781,   Patterson's Bridge 8 Apr 1781   Fort Balfour 13 Apr 1781,   Sheldon campsite,  

Confidence level:: See above.