Pekowee, Pekowi, George Rogers Clark Historic Park, Piqua, Picawey
8 August 1780, Col. George Rogers Clark* vs. Shawnee & allies, battle
Where: 39.910 -83.901 Peckuwe
Maps: [map notes]
Sources: [Can you provide one or several sources]:
- George Rogers Clark Historical Park
- Battle of Peckuwe, Ohio History Central, An Online Encyclopedia of Ohio History:
The Battle of Peckuwe was the largest battle of the American Revolution to occur west of the Allegheny Mountains.
During the summer of 1780, George Rogers Clark led approximately 1,050 men, primarily militiamen from Kentucky, against Shawnee Indian settlements at Old Chillicothe and Peckuwe. The Shawnee destroyed Old Chillicothe as Clark's men approached on August 6. On August 8, the militiamen arrived at Peckuwe, a Shawnee village that was located just west of present-day Springfield, Ohio on the Mad River. Most of the natives resided in log cabins. Clark's men succeeded in driving the Shawnee from Peckuwe and proceeded to destroy the town. Clark had fourteen men killed and an additional thirteen wounded. Exact native casualties are unknown, but Clark estimated that they were three times the number that his own men had suffered.
The Battle of Peckuwe sometimes is confused with the Battle of Piqua, which occurred more than two years later. These two battles, as well as the other conflicts between white and Native Americans, only further enhanced the tensions between the two groups both during and following the American Revolution.
- Wikipedia: "Battle of Piqua"
The Battle of Piqua, also known as the Battle of Pekowee or Pekowi, was part of the western campaign during the American Revolutionary War. Led by General George Rogers Clark, over 1,000 soldiers (among them Daniel Boone and Simon Kenton) crossed the Ohio River near present-day Cincinnati and burned five Shawnee villages, including Old Chillicothe, along the Little Miami River. Peter Loramie's Store, a British trading post-located in what was later Fort Loramie, Ohio in Shelby County, Ohio-, was also burned by Clark's men. The Shawnee gradually withdrew during the first few days before finally engaging American forces 7 miles west of Springfield, Ohio on August 8, 1782. Joseph Rogers, a cousin of George Rogers Clark, had previously accompanied him to Kentucky and was later captured by the Shawnee near Maysville. Despite having been adopted by the tribe, he was killed during the battle while trying to join American forces.
After several hours of fighting, both sides suffered moderate causalities before scattering the small Shawnee rearguard. The campaign against the Shawnee in the Miami River Valley was intended to discourage further raids against Kentucky and other parts of the American frontier, and while no further raids were made by the Shawnee for the remainder of the American Revolutionary War, hostility greatly increased among the tribes living in the Ohio Country for years afterwards.
The battle was the only major engagement fought in Ohio during the American Revolutionary War and a memorial trail and state park, the George Rogers Clark Memorial and Tecumseh State Park, was later built on the site of the battle by the Clark County Historical Society.
- Henry Wilson, "The Account of the Campaign Against the Shawnee Indians, Draper MSS 9j21
- Touring Ohio, "Battle of Piqua".
8/8/1780 Piqua (Chillicothe, Miami River). Shown as American victory. Ref: Mark Boatner, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, 1994.
Confidence level:: 4