Rifle action before Newtown
8/29/1779. *Gen. Hand vs. Butler. Rifle action before Newtown
Where: 42.02933 -76.71726 Rifle action before Newtown
Maps: [map notes]
- Elvin Birth, The 1779 Western Campaigns, Raleigh: 2003, privately published, "Journals.pdf", p.117. 42.0294 -76.71728 Basis of Location.
- Line of Rude Breastworks marker 42° 1.76' N, 76° 43.035' W (42.02933 -76.71726) Basis of location.
under General Hand
at opening of battle
August 29, 1779
Chemung County NY
- Conover, George S., compiler Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan Against the Six Nations Indians in 1779.., Auburn NY: Knapp, Peck & Thomason, 1887, pages suggested by Elvin Birth.
AUGUST 29th 1779. Marched this day 4,4 mites to lower Newton. On our march
passed the Hiil where Genl Hand was fired on by the Indians the 13th Instant. Three
miles from Chemung, our Advanced party discovered the Enemy, who had Erected a
Brest work on a steep Bank on the West side of a I.arge Run or Defile which we ware
obliged to pass. The Genl officers ware Emediately informed of the Disposition. Gent
Sullivin Gave Genl Poor orders to march Round a very High hill in order to gain the
Enemys Rear, at which time Major Pave to keep up a slow fire on there front, in order to
amuse them with his Core of Rifil men, who did Considarable Execution.
Here we halte ford
one hour and a half,until the artillery, &c., should raise a difficult height, at which time
an advanced party of our riflemen discovered the enemy throwing up some works on the
other side of a morass, and a difficult place through which we had to pass. It appears
this was intended for an ambuscade, it being on a small height, where some logs, &c.,
were laid up: covered with green bushes ; which extended half a mile.
29th The army march'd at 9 o clock A M proceeded about 5 miles when our light
troops discover'd a line of brestworks about 80 rods in their front which after reconnoytering
ware found to extend about half a mile in length on very advantageous ground
with a learge brook in front the river on their right a high mountain on their left & a learge
settlement in their rear called New Town Their works ware very artfully mask'd with
green bushes so that the discovering them was as accidental as it was fortunate to us
Skirmishing on both sides commenc'd soon after we discover'd their works which con-
tinued until our Disposition was made which was as followeth viz The Artillery to form
in front of their works cover'd by Genl hands Brigade Gen] Poors Brigade and riflemen
to turn the Enimies left & fall in their rear supported by Genl Clintons Brigade Gen'l
Maxwells Brigade to form a Corps de reserve the left flanking division & light Infantry
to pursue the Enimy when they left their works ...The riflemen kept up a
scattering fire while we form'd the line of Battle which was done exceeding quick
- Aug 1779 listing. 8/29/1779 Newtown (Elmira), NY. American victory.