*Lt. Thomas Shanklin/Capt. James Little vs. Col. James Boyd, face-off preventing crossing of Cherokee Ford, 10 Feb 1779
Where: 34.123915 -82.664134 McGowan's Blockhouse
Maps: [map notes]
- Smith, Gordon Burns. Morningstars of Liberty: The Revolutionary War in Georgia, 1775-1783, Volume One. Milledgeville, Ga.: Boyd Publishing, 2006, p.142
- NBBAS:One p.244:
- James Louis Petigru, James Petigru Carson, Life, Letters and Speeches of James Louis Petigru: The Union Man of South Carolina , p.3.
In the Revolutionary War he immediately
went to the front. Under Colonel Pickens he was
in the action at McGowan's Blockhouse in Wilkes County, Ga.,
eight miles above Cherokee Ford on the Savannah River.
[This account is apparently in error regarding the location of McGowan's Blockhouse or has confused it with some other location.]
- The New Georgia Encyclopedia, "Battle of Kettle Creek"
The Loyalists were ineffectively pursued by small groups of rebel militiamen. Boyd's command captured Fort Independence and the outpost at Broad Mouth Creek in South Carolina, but they declined to attack the garrison of McGowan's Blockhouse on the Cherokee Ford of the Savannah River. The Loyalists crossed the river further north at Vann's Creek on February 11. The garrison of Cherokee Ford, with reinforcements, attacked Boyd's men at the crossing but were repulsed. A
- Brett Osborn, Revlist post
In early 1779, Wilkes County Patriot militia under Colonel Dooly and
LTC Clarke had moved their families across the Savannah River to SC
for protection. There were about 750 military age men in Wilkes
County, 250 were Loyalist Militia under Colonel Thomas Waters and
there were about 140 Wilkes County men under Colonel Dooly.
There are two cases of forts in the area garrisoned by 9 men each,
Carr's Fort and McGowan's Blockhouse which was on the SC side of the
river covering Cherokee Ford crossing. Manpower was the real issue.
Not all settlements could be guarded.
- Charles Colcock Jones, The History of Georgia, 1883, Houghton, Mifflin and Co
Retiring from Carr's Fort the Americans recrossed the Savannah
River near Fort Charlotte and advanced toward the Long
Cane settlement to meet Colonel Boyd. Hearing of his advance,
Captain Robert Anderson, of Colonel Pickens' regiment, summoning
to his aid Captains Joseph Pickens, William Baskin, and
John Miller, with their companies, crossed the Savannah River
with a view to annoying Boyd when he should attempt the passage
of that stream. He was subsequently joined by some Georgians
under Captain James Little. This accession increased his
force so that he had, present for duty, nearly one hundred men.
In order to avoid Piukens and Dooly, Colonel Boyd changed his
route and approached the river at the Cherokee ford. Here,
upon a commanding elevation, was a block house mounting two
ewivel guns and garrisoned by a lieutenant and eight men. A .
quiet passage having been demanded and refused, Boyd proceeded
up the river about five miles, and there placing his men
and baggage on rafts, and swimming his horses, effected a crossing.
His instructions to his men were to land at different points
on the opposite shore. This circumstance, in connection with the
tall canes growing along the river bank, so confused the small
force under Captain Anderson that it did not render an opposition
as effectual as might have been expected. That the passage -
of the river was sharply contested, however, will be readily conceded
when we remember that the Americans lost sixteen killed
and wounded and an equal number of prisoners. Among the
latter were Captains Baskin and Miller. Colonel Boyd acknowledged
a loss of one hundred killed, wounded, and missing.
Retreating rapidly, Captain Anderson formed a junction with
Colonels Pickens and Dooly and united in the pursuit of the
- Feb 1779 listing Per O'Kelley.
2/9/1779 McGowan's Blockhouse. Insufficient data.
2/10/1779 Vann's Creek (Cherokee Ford) . Insufficient data.
Cherokee Ford GA,
Confidence level:: See above.