McCord's Creek |
Skirmish, Capt. Moses Liddell vs. *Capt. John Crawford, 7 Dec 1781
34.19241 -82.32956, McCord's Creek (DS)
Maps: [map notes]
McCord's Creek (Abbeville Co.) SC
McCord Creek, South Carolina
"The Bloody Scout"
7 December 1781
Captain John Crawford continued his part in the death and destruction during "The Bloody Scout." He rode to General Andrew Pickensís blockhouse and on the morning of December 7th and surprised a convoy of wagons being guarded by Captain Moses Liddell. Crawford and his Loyalists quickly drove off Liddellís escorts, killing several of his men. Crawford burned the entire train of wagons and took the waggoners prisoner. Crawford and his men then escaped into the Cherokee Nation.
Crawford turned over the prisoners to the Cherokees who tortured most of them to death. John Pickens, the brother of Andrew Pickens, was one of the captives and was singled out for special torture.
This would be a mistake for the Cherokees. Brigadier General Pickens would exact his revenge against their whole nation in 1782.
Terry W. Lipscomb, "South Carolina Revolutionary Battles, Part Seven", Names in South Carolina, XXVI, Winter 1979, p.37,39. English Department, University of South Carolina.
Crawford proceeded on to White Hall, the plantation of General
Andrew Williamson, which Pickens' militia had turned into a military
post. The Tories attacked and defeated the garrison and destroyed the
works that the Patriots had constructed. White Hall was situated at a
crossroads near Hard Labor Creek; on a modem map it is where state
secondary road 156 crosses U.S. 221 seven or eight miles south of
Greenwood.48 The next objective of the Loyalists took them very near
Andrew Pickens' blockhouse, where the town of Abbeville was later
established. Just east of McCord Creek on December 7, Crawford
surprised a convoy of wagons that had been sent to procure supplies for
the use of the Patriots in this area. The Loyalists attacked and drove off
Captain Moses Liddell's escort, killing several of his men, burned the
entire train of wagons, and made prisoners of the drivers. According to
tradition, this skirmish took place in the fork of Long Cane and McCord
creeks about three or four miles east of present Abbeville.
John Crawford was a Loyalist from the area that is now
Abbeville County, and his actions subsequent to the capture of this
convoy did not endear him to his former neighbors. The Loyalists
escaped into the Cherokee Nation, and Crawford delivered his
prisoners over to the Indians, who murdered most of them. Among
the captives was John Pickens, the brother of General Andrew
Pickens, who is said to have been executed by the Cherokees in
typically gruesome Indian fashion.49
48 The Royal Gazette, January 2, 1782. On White Hall, see Margaret Watson, Greenwood County Sketches, pp. 44-50.
49 Draper MSS, 3VVI48, 16VV305-10; 365; Audited Accounts of John Lindsay (AA 4595), George Stringer (AA7471), and James Beard (AA378), South Carolina
Archives; Hugh McCall, The History of Georgia, p. 535; Johnson, Life of Greene, vol. 2, pp. 301-2. Two further documents in the South Carolina Archives relate to this
incident. In the Annuities for Persons Hurt in the Service of the State, the entry for Martha Coil, widow of Burnet (Barnard) Coil, establishes the date. In the records of the
Commissioners of Forfeited Estates, Colonel Robert Anderson's return of enemies of the state from his militia district has John Crawford's name at the very top of the list.
Mills Atlas, Abbeville District, surveyed 1820. Approximate location of McCord's Creek ambush marked with red dot.
Click for larger view..
Abbeville 30' 1900 topo map, Univ. of SC University Libraries, Digital Collections. NML.
Sherman, "Calendar...". Too late for this work. To avoid long downloads, use option to "Save and view this PDF in Reader".
Dec 1781 listing.
12/7/1781 McCord Creek. Insufficient data.
Submitted by: Patrick O'Kelley.
Confidence level: See above.