What: Skirmish, Col. Robert Barnwell vs. *British, 18 or 20 May 1779 (JCP)
Where: 32.725142 -80.01057 Mathews Plantation
Maps: [map notes]
- Skelly, Francis, "Journal of Brigade Major F[rancis] Skelley", Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution, Vol.3 No.12, C.B. Baxley, ed., December 2006, annotated by John Robertson.
17th. Coln Prevostís Detachment took post at Rantolís Bridge.
18th. A detachment of Lt Infantry crossíd to Johnís Island surprised a party of about sixty Rebels, killed, wounded, and took most of them. [Mathews Plantation]
19th, 20th, 21st } Nearly the same position as the 18th. Constructed and occupied
22nd, and 23rd } three Redoubts on the Main near Wapoo Cut.
24th. Coln Prevostís Detachment took post at Rantolís Bridge.
25th. Same position as yesterday. Intelligence brought that Lincoln and Moultire (Rebel Generals) had joined their armies, and taken post in force six miles from our Redoubts.
26th. Most of the Army moved and took a position on the Main to defend the Redoubts, an attack being hourly expected. Some skirmishing with advanced parties. A man or two killed on both sides.
27th. Grenadiers and Carolinians crossed to Johnís Island ó from thence to the main by Stono ferry ó took post there ó three Redoubts constructed.
28th. Most of the Army crossed to Johnís Island.
29th. Last division and rear Guard under Coln Maitland crossed to Johnís Island. Post at Stono reinforced. Coln Prevost took command there. The Army remained nearly in this position till the 16th
16th. Coln Prevost with the Grenadiers set out by the Islands for Savannah.
23rd. Quitted Stono. The whole Army on Johnís Island.
24th. Army on Johnís Island.
26th. Army crossed to Simondís Island. First division crossed to Edisto Island.
27th. Last division under Coln Maitland crossed to Edisto. Whole Army on that Island.
On map from "A Place Called Saint John" by Elizabeth Stringfellow found at the SC Historical Society, #28 is the plantation of John Raven Mathews. [Source of selected location]
- Terry Lipscomb, "Revolutionary Battles Part II", Names in South Carolina, Vol.XXI, Winter 1974, map, snippet from:
- Terry Lipscomb,
"South Carolina Revolutionary Battles: Part II".
Names in South Carolina, Vol.XXI, Winter 1974, p.25.
On May 20, while the
British were encamped on James Island, they attacked
an American militia unit posted across the Stono at
Mathew's Plantation. The Patriots were surprised
through the treachery of a local Loyalist, Thomas
Fenwick, and were given no quarter, although they
offered no strong resistance. Robert Barnwell was left
for dead with seventeen bayonet wounds, but
fortunately survived. The British then burned the
Mathews house, ruins of which were still visible in the
early Nineteenth Century. This was the plantation of
John Raven Mathews, located on Johns Island directly
opposite James Island.4
4. Ramsay, Vol. 2, pp. 28-29; Joseph Johnson, Traditions and
Reminiscences of the American Revolution in the South, pp. 182-
185; David Duncan Wallace, History of South Carolina, Vol. 2, p.
p. 285. Mathews' Plantation, South Carolina, 20 May 1779.
- Jun 1776 listing. 6/16/1776 Stono Creek, Charlestown Bar. Draw.
- Jun 1777 listing. 6/14/1777 Stono Inlet. Draw.
- May 1779 listing.
5/20/1779 Mathew's Plantation. British victory.
5/23/1779 Stono River. Draw.
- Jun 1779 listing.
6/1/1779 13 Mile-House, Stono Ferry. Insufficient data.
6/20/1779 Stono Ferry. Draw.
6/1779 Mouth of the Stono River. Naval action. Draw
6/22 - 23/1779 Stanyarne's and Eveleigh's Plantation. American victory.
- Feb 1780 listing. 2/22/1780 Stono. American victory.
- Mar 1780 listing. 3/5/1780 Stono River. Draw.
Stono River (mouth),
William Gibbes Plantation,
Robert Gibbes Plantation,
John Raven Mathews Plantation,
John Gibbes Plantation,
Confidence level: 4