Database

Long Cane

Other names:
Reedy Branch

What:
12 Dec 1780, Col.Clarke vs. *Lt.Col.Allen, battle
? Jan 1781, Maj.Dunlap, plundered McCall's, burned Pickens

Where:

34.030398, -82.301931, Clarke's engagement with militia? (1.5 mi. from Clarke's camp) (JCP,JAR)
34.0251212, -82.3279046, Clarke camp? Junction of Reedy Branch & Rocky Branch (JCP,JAR)
34.01095, -82.33789, Route of retreat? N. end of old road visible on topo (JCP,JAR)
33.999638 -82.347311, End of British pursuit? Per Nora Davis per NML
33.99928824 -82.3515165, Long Cane Ford (later Patterson's Bridge) GNIS
34.01887, -82.26464, British camp (JCP)

Maps: [map notes]

  • Custom Google map including all following locations related to Long Cane (requires scripts). Note map type options (Street/Aerial/Topo/etc.). Click & hold to drag. Click on pin for driving directions.


  • 34.030398,-82.301931, Clarke's engagement with militia? (1.5 mi. from Clarke's camp) (JCP,JAR)
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Confidence: 3(initial action, 12 Dec 1780)
  • Google Earth image showing the gently rolling terrain (exaggerated) at this location, looking eastward as Clarke would have been moving, showing how the regulars could have been hidden from Clarke behind this rise or another in the vicinity. Note marker on left side of road for this location.

  • 34.0251212, -82.3279046, Clarke camp? Junction of Reedy Branch & Rocky Branch (JCP,JAR)
  • GNIS record for Rocky Branch. Note mapping options.
  • Confidence: 3(Clarke's camp), 0(12 Dec 1780 action)

  • 34.01095,-82.337894, Route of retreat? N. end of old road visible on topo (JCP,JAR)
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 3(retreat route)
  • Traces of portions of several other old roads can be discerned (in the aerial maps) east of the old jeep road shown on the topo. Any of them could have been the route taken.

  • 33.999638,-82.347311, End of British pursuit? Per Nora Davis per NML
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 4(12 Dec 1780 action)

  • 33.99928824 -82.3515165, Long Cane Ford (later Patterson's Bridge)
  • GNIS record for Patterson's Bridge (historic). Note mapping options.
  • Confidence: 5(bridge), 2(1780 action)
  • Note: It has yet to be determined that any bridge was present at the time of this action. A source attributed to (or quoted by) D.D. Wallace (below) said that Long Cane Ford was here in 1780. Patterson's Bridge (no longer extant) was shown on the 1820 (survey date) Mills Atlas.

  • 34.01887,-82.26464, British camp (JCP)
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 4(British camp)

  • 33.97283,-82.37746, Other area of interest (CBB/CK)
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 0(12 Dec 1780 action)

  • 34.0323,-82.3942, Long Canes action of 12 Dec 1780, historical marker (SC-28 & Road 38), "about 4 mi. southeast..."
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 5(1780 marker), 0(1780 action)


  • 33.9956773 -82.33957170, Long Canes Massacre of 1 Feb 1760
  • GNIS record for Indian Massacre Grave. Note mapping options.
  • Confidence: 5(massacre grave), 0(1780 action)

  • 33.98731,-82.29748, Long Canes Massacre historical marker (town of Troy, SC-10), "3 mi. west ..."
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 5(1760 marker), 0(1780 action)


Sources:

  • Extracts from NML notes regarding the "End of British pursuit" location, otherwise referred to as the "Nora Davis site"
    Mrs. Davis, now deceased, was somehow involved with the implementation of the SC Historical Marker Program. She was very active in the DAR and helped numerous persons obtain documentation and membership. She composed a Historical sketch "Seizure of Ft Charlotte", etc, etc. . She had a library in her house in Troy. B F Edmonds, McCormick County author and historian, used her library as a young man. He retired from SCDOT a number of years ago. Some of her library was taken to Erskine College in Due West SC (north of Abbeville)
    ...
    "At some point in time Mrs. Davis took Mr. Edmonds to the location I have indicated above and declared that the battle happened here. " He also referenced unpublished papers by Nora Davis in his first book "The Making of McCormick County".
    ...
    Jim Bates, the USFS Archaeologist is related to Nora Davis via his mother. At the time of our excursion to the above named site, he said that his mother remembered (back in the 20s and 30s) that the stories told of the "War" at family gatherings related to the Rev War not the Civil War as was common in other areas of the state. He is also related to Josiah Patterson, (probably for whom the bridge is named.)
    ...
    Emmett Davis, noted Engineer in Greenwood, is the son of Nora Davis.
    ...

  • Terry Lipscomb, "South Carolina Revolutionary Battles: Part Four". pp.XXIII: 33-34.
    Some of the South Carolina and Georgia troops who had fought with Sumter at Blackstock's joined Colonel Benjamin Few of Georgia during the early part of December. Their combined force of five hundred men marched to the Long Cane settlement, intending to encourage the people there to take up arms on the Patriot side. Lieutenant Colonel John Harris Cruger, the British commander at Ninety Six, learned of this expedition and made preparations to oppose it. On December 11, he sent out a combined force of regulars and militia: numbering over four hundred, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Allen. The royal army followed" the trail of the Patriots until the following afternoon, when they made camp before sunset. The Americans discovered Allen's troops and decided to engage them with an advance party of one hundred men commanded by Colonel Elijah Clarke and Lieutenant Colonel James McCall, until the main body could be brought into action. In this battle of Long Cane, December 12, 1780, Clarke was seriously wounded, McCall received a wound and had his horse shot from under him, and Major Lindsey was badly wounded and captured by the British. The Americans got the worse of the engagement because General Few never brought up the main force, believing the British numbers to be greatly superior to his own.13 The battle took place in present McCormick County, and the local tradition is that the site was near Patterson's Bridge over Long Cane Creek on state secondary road S-33-117. The locations and distances given in Cruger's report of the battle confirm that the main American camp may have been near this crossing, site of an early ford. The battle 'would likely have taken place somewhere between the bridge and the Greenwood County line.

    13 13 Hugh McCall, The History of Georgia, pp. 501-503; Cornwallis Papers, PRO 30/11/4, 335-336; The South Carolina and American General Gazette, December 25, 1780. The usual date given for this battle is December 11, based on one of the newspaper accounts. In this narrative, I have followed Cruger's report and dated the event on Tuesday, December 12.

  • Historical marker 33-7, Battle of Long Cane, SC-28 and Road 38, courtesy of Jack Parker:

    Long Canes 1780

  • SC Hwy. Historical Marker Guide, 2nd Ed., Rev., p.154. "Intersection of SC 28 and Road 38. About four miles southeast .... z=17&n=3766612.0000701&e=371295.999998515 for intersection].

  • James McCleskey, "Pension application of James McCleskey S16475", transcribed and annotated by Nancy Lindroth
    Captain McCall1 and Captain Clark then returned to South Carolina with their companies and fell in with a party of British and Tories at Reedy Branch2 under the command [of] Colonel Cruger of the British Army and was there defeated and dispersed.3 Captains Clark4 and McCall5 both was wounded and Major Linsey was wounded these after we were defeated6 there we dispersed and fled into North Carolina and there we met Colonel Washington7 and Joined his Regiment.

    1 [Capt James McCall]
    2 [Reedy Branch is within the watershed of the Long Cane Creek, Abbeville, SC. Old Ninety Six District]
    3 [Cruger was in charge of British, Loyalist & Tory troops at the Star Fort at Ninety Six SC – currently Greenwood County, SC – records indicate that Lt Colonel Isaac Allen commanded the detachment from Ninety Six which included both the 3rd Battalion New Jersey Volunteers and 1st Battalion DeLancey's Brigade both garrisoned at Ninety Six. Allen won this encounter which was known as the Battle of Long Cane 12 Dec 1780 – Draper wrote that it occurred 11 Dec 1780]
    4 [Capt Elijah Clark/Clarke of Georgia]
    5 [Capt James McCall]
    6 [Additional historical accounts state that Major Linsey was severely attacked after he had fallen]
    7 [Col. Wm Washington]

  • John Wallace, "Pension application of John Wallace S17178", Transcribed by Will Graves
    Next served under Major Noble who was an officer under Colonel Anderson [Robert Anderson?] & General Pickens S. C. Militia we marched from Abbeville in the State of Tennessee with about two or 300 militia under the command of Colonel McCall S. C. Militia and proceeded to Reedy Branch in S. C. we there had a meeting with some British and Tories wherein I was wounded & taken prisoner taken to the post of 96 I staid in close confinement Ironed to the floor of my Dungeon for three months.

  • Dempsey Tyner. "Pension application of Dempsey Tyner S1599" Transcribed by Will Graves
    After guarding them to Ninety Six this applicant was frequently engaged as a scout against the Tories for a considerable length of time and was much embarrassed by them until Genl Greene [sic, Nathanael Greene] sent word to South Carolina that he would relieve the country and General Clark [sic, Elijah Clarke],then Col Clarke, from the State of Georgia came into South Carolina and took command of about three hundred troops; among the number this applicant entered the service again as a volunteer and was marched to Reedy branch of Long Cane Creek and had several engagements with the British and Tories under Kruger [sic, John Harris Cruger] and Allen in which engagement this applicant was wounded in the arm and was taken prisoner until after the Eutaw battle when this applicant was exchanged at Orangeburg or Sullivan's Island, and returned home having been in service and a prisoner upwards of nine months this tour.

  • Letter ref William Thompson, R10560 (NML)
    It was alleged that while living in Abbeville District, South Carolina, he enlisted in 1778 or 1779 and served at various times until the close of the Revolution, accounting in all to about three years, as private with the South Carolina, North Carolina and Georgia troops under Captains Dunn, Robert Black, Francis Carlyle, Robert Anderson, John Harris and William Baskin, and Colonels James McCall, Elijah Clarke and John Cunningham. It was alleged that he was in the battles of Reedy Branch and Long Swamp.

  • James Lochridge (Lockridge), "Pension application of James Lochridge (Lockridge) W472" Transcribed by Will Graves (NML)
    Applicant was not, nor indeed were any of the Whig men, suffered to stay much at home but he & his young Whig companions continued to scout & harass the Tories whenever an opportunity offered until late in the fall of the same year we heard that Genl Elijah Clarke & Colonel (or Captain) McCall [James McCall] had collected a force of about 400 or 500 men and were there in the neighborhood. Applicant & several of his companions lost no time in joining Genl Clarke with his Army. A few hours after applicant reached the Army news came in that 150 or 200 Tories were in the immediate neighborhood. General Clarke called about 100 volunteers to join him in this Sport of whipping them or taking them prisoners &c. Applicant joined the volunteers now against them, met them on the main road leading to Charleston where we fought them we found to our great astonishment & when it was too late to retreat with safety, that there were abt. 500 Tories & 150 or 200 British—we were compelled to fight or surrender; we fought as long as fighting was practicable, but were compelled to retreat with very considerable loss—several men[were] killed; Genl. Clarke was here wounded by a shot in the shoulder—a Maj. Lindsey was severely wounded by two balls in the leg—the loss of his right hand & some severe sword wounds on his head—Col. McCall was also slightly wounded. We were badly whipped & made the best of our way back to the main Army [text interlined at this point which appears to read "Genl. Pickens & several men were prisoners during this time"]. From this Clarke & McCall bent their course towards North Carolina.

  • Walter O'Neill, Pension application of Walter O'Neill S7281 Transcribed by Will Graves (NML)
    That he enlisted in Burke town, Burke County North Carolina and was marched from thence to Salisbury and from thence to the Savany [sic, Savannah] River South Carolina and from thence to "Long Kane" [sic, Cane] (either in South Carolina or Georgia and he does not know which) where he was engaged in a smart skirmish with the British and from thence was marched to the "Cowpens" where he was engaged in a very severe Battle.

  • "...unfinished article by Samuel Robinson Evans, 30th Day of April 1850 (NML)
    I think it was on their return they found Ninety-six Cambridge in the southeast corner of Abbeville District in possession of the British and Tories. This was a great annoyance to the settlement and a headquarters where Tories and British would rally forth in the country in order to provide provisions for the garrison. On one of these occasions a considerable battle was fought at a place ever afterward called "The Battlefield" on the Reedy Branch on the Abbeville road from the Abbeville Court House to Augusta. This was a sharp battle, for as well as I can recollect Father stated one hundred were killed, that I suppose was all counting both sides. ... I was once in company with Father through this battleground and he pointed out to me where the army on both sides were formed before they commenced.
    [Note: While interesting, this account has several errors, including giving it as an American victory.]

  • Joseph Johnson, Traditions and Reminiscences, Chiefly of the American Revolution in the ... , 1851, Walker & James, p.512
    Soon after this. Major S. Hammond joined General Sumter, and was with him in the battle of Blackstocks, about the 20th November, 1780. General Sumter was wounded in that affair, which for some time deprived the country of his services. During that time, S. Hammond joined Colonels Clarke, Twiggs and Fiew, of Georgia, and with them visited the neighborhood of Ninety-Six, where an engagement took place between a detachment of Georgians and Carolinians, commanded by Colonel Clarke, and a party of British and tories, near Long Canes, in which Clarke lost a number of good men, and being overpowered by superior force, was compelled to retreat. Major S. Hammond, at this time, was out on command, with a small detachment, and was left without notice of the battle or retreat. He, however, made good his retreat, and passed on to Saluda and Bush River. Here he fell in with and joined Colonels William Washington and McCall, and was in several skirmishes with them, and going thence with them the day following, joined General Morgan. In the battle of Cowpens, on the 17th of January, 1781, ...

  • Hugh M'Call, The History Of Georgia [ in one Volume], pp 501, 502, Cherokee Publishing, Atlanta. Orig 1811, 1816. Reprint in one volume 1909 (NML)
    ... The unexampled cruelties and pillage, which had been practised and encouraged by the British, had drawn many into arms in their favour, however unwillingly; fearful that the struggles for independence would be unavailing. The best affected settlement to the cause of independence, in the neighborhood of Ninety-six, was that of Long-cane; to which colonels Clarke and M'Call turned their attention for recruits to their force, and to annoy the enemy about Ninety-six.

    After resting for a few days, near Berwick's iron works, they advanced by an upper route toward Long-cane, early in December, and on the way, were joined by colonel Benjamin Few, with a part of the refugees from Georgia: the attention of this force was turned toward Ninety-six, and encamped on Long-cane creek. Colonel Few being the senior officer, assumed the command. The position of the encampment was favorable for the augmentation of their numbers, and the prospect was flattering that in a short time they would be sufficiently strong to confine the British within their strong hold.
    [p502]
    Colonel Cruger, who commanded at Ninety-six, aware of the consequences which would result from permitting Few to remain unmolested in his position, determined to attack him in his camp; the irregularity of which, he was fully informed of, and hoped to take him by surprise. For this purpose, he detached lieutenant-colonel Allen with two hundred regular troops, two hundred loyalists, and fifty dragoons. The enemy were within three miles of Few's camp before he was apprized of their approach. Colonel Clarke, lieutenant-colonel M'Call, and major Lindsey, with one hundred Georgia and Carolina militia, were ordered to meet the enemy, commence the action, and sustain it until the main body could be brought up to their assistance. They advanced about one mile and a half and engaged the enemy's front, which was composed of royal militia. The action was lively for a short time, and Clarke sent an express to Few to hasten the march of the main body. In about ten minutes the loyalists retreated, some of them fled, and the remainder formed in the rear of the regular troops. Clarke received a wound in the shoulder, which was at first supposed to be mortal, and he was carried off the field.

    Colonel Allen ordered the loyalists to commence and sustain the attack, until the regular troops were formed: when this was effected, the bayonet was presented and the loyalists were ordered to form in the rear and turn upon the American flanks. About this time, M'Call was wounded in the arm, and his horse killed, and he was so entangled by the horse falling upon him that he narrowly escaped. The Americans retreated and were charged by the enemy's dragoons. Major Lindsey had fallen under three wounds, and was left on the ground; in that condition, captain Lang, of dragoons fell upon him while he lay on the ground, chopped his head and arms in several places, and cut off one of his hands.

    Fourteen Americans were killed, and seven wounded. Several of the wounded were killed, who lay upon the ground and were unable to make resistance; which accounts for the number of wounded being less than that of the slain. The loss of the enemy was very trifling, and is not accurately known.
    [p 503]
    When the remains of colonel Clarke's command returned to the camp, they found colonel Few and the main body of the troops under orders for retreat, and ready to move off, without giving any previous intimation to those in advance, of such intention. Some harsh observations were made by some of the officers who had been engaged, relative to Few's courage; whether correct on that occasion is unknown: he had previously given proofs of courage and good conduct. He justified him-self by saying, that the intelligence he received after colonel Clarke was engaged, induced a belief that the force of the enemy was so far superior to his own, that it would have been imprudent to have met them in a general engagement: but this was not considered as a justification for withholding from Clarke a notice of his intentions, or of making an effort to secure his retreat. The American force was five hundred men; the British was four hundred and fifty.

    Colonel Clarke was placed upon a bier, supported by two horses, and with great difficulty conveyed to a place of safety. The Americans retreated to North Carolina, and during the confinement of colonel Clarke, by his wound, major John Cunningham commanded the Georgia Troops.

  • Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1775-1780, 1901, Macmillan & Co., Ltd., p.831-832
    After resting a few days near Berwick's, or Wofford's, Iron Works, they advanced by an upper route toward Long Cane early in December, and on their way were joined by Colonel Benjamin Few of Georgia, with a part of the refugees from that State. Colonel Few assumed the command. The position of their encampment was favorable for the increase of their numbers, and the prospect was nattering that in a short time they would be sufficiently strong to confine the British within their stronghold. Colonel Cruger, who commanded at Ninety- Six, aware of the consequences which would result from permitting Few to remain unmolested in his position, determined to attack him in camp, and hoped to take him by surprise. On Sunday, the 10th of December, Cruger dispatched Lieutenant Colonel Allen with two hundred regular troops, two hundred Loyalists, and fifty dragoons. Marching about twenty miles, they halted on Monday afternoon, the llth,1 within three miles of Few's camp before he was aware of their approach. Colonel Clarke, Lieutenant Colonel McCall, and Major Lindsay were ordered by Few to meet the enemy, commence the action, and sustain it until the main body could be brought up to their assistance. Clarke, McCall, and Lindsay advanced about a mile and a half, and, dismounting, tied their horses within one hundred yards of the enemy's front, which was composed of Loyal militia. These they at once engaged, and the action became lively. They had attacked so quickly that the regular troops were but just formed when the action began. In about ten minutes the Loyalist militia retreated; some of them fled, and the remainder formed in the rear of the regular trooj*. Clarke sent an express to Few to hasten the march of the main body, and with his troops advanced on the regulars, delivering a fire which wounded some of them. Unfortunately, just at this juncture, he received a wound in his shoulder, which was at first supposed to be mortal, and was carried from the field.

    Colonel Allen received the advancing Americans with a fire and the bayonet, and brought up the Loyalists he h;»,! rallied on the American flank. About this time McCall was also wounded and his horse killed. The horse falling upon him, McCall narrowly escaped with his life. Major Lindsay also was wounded. All their leaders having thu> fallen, the Americans retreated and were charged by th-, enemy's dragoons. Major Lindsay, who had received three wounds, was sabred upon his head and arms, and one of his hands was cut off by Captain Lang of the dragoons. as he lay on the ground. Fourteen Americans were killed, and several others who were wounded and unable to make resistance were slain on the ground where they lay.

    1 So. Ca. and Am. Gen. Gazette. December 23, 1780.

  • "The American Revolution, South Carolina History"
    In the battle of Long Cane, which occurred December 11,1780. Colonel Clarke commanded the American forces and had 14 killed and seven wounded. Colonel Allen commanded the British force of 450 and had three killed and three wounded. The handle of a broken sword has been found near Long Cane creek where the Federal bridge crosses the stream. Everything indicates that this battle was fought at what was then the Long Cane Ford on the road from Ninety-Six to the present Abbeville by the Calhoun highway.

    1. NML note: Reference should have read: Wallace, D. D. The History of South Carolina, Biographical Volume IV, p 17. 1934; The American Historical Society, Inc., NY. The 2. Mills Atlas Abbeville District map, surveyed 1820, showed Patterson's Bridge.]

    ...
    RON CRAWLEY who is a researcher for the Clarke and McCall families has a correction for the D. D. Wallace description---"After the action at Blackstock's Farm, Thomas Sumter's command, now under Col. Edward Lacey, established a camp at Liberty Hill on Turkey Creek (York County). Colonel Elijah Clarke and Lt. Col. James McCall took leave of Lacey and were determined to move on Ninety Six and, after a few days rest at Wofford's Iron Works, they headed to the area of Long Cane (or "Long Canes," McCormick County) in search of recruits. On their way, they were joined by Colonel Benjamin Few of Georgia who took command of the group, now about 500 in number. Concerned about the Patriot presence in the area, Lt. Col. John Harris Cruger commanding the garrison at Ninety Six dispatched Lt. Col. Allen and 450 men. The were within three miles of the Long Cane camp on 11 December 1780 when Few sent Clarke and McCall to engage the enemy while he brought up the main force. At the head of just 100 men, Clarke and McCall initially forced the retreat of the Loyalists but both men were wounded and carried from the field, along with Major Lindsay, leaving the Patriots without a leader. When the expected support from Few failed to materialize, the remains of Clarke's command retreated and were charged by enemy dragoons. Upon returning to camp, the men found Col. Few and his main force under orders to retreat and ready to move out, apparently never intending to make good on the promise of reinforcements. The 14 killed and seven wounded were all from Clarke and McCall's commands while the British force had three killed and three wounded."

  • Ruddiman's Weekly Mercury (Edinburgh), February 28, 1781, "Extract of a letter from Ninety-six, Dec. 15." (TB)
    On Sunday last a detachment of 150 men under Colonel Allen went in quest of Few and Clark, who had about 300 rebels at Long Canes. After marching about 20 miles, we halted on Monday afternoon, and had not been long on our ground before we were reconnoitered by the rebels. Luckily they saw only the militia, which emboldened them to resolve an attack. About sunset they made their appearance, came within 100 yards, dismounted, tied their horses to a fence, and came on in a rapid manner.

    It not being expected that they would be so quick in attacking, the regular troops were but just then formed, and were so posted as not to be observed by the rebels till they got over a small rising ground; being then within 40 yards, they found their mistake in thinking they had nothing but militia to contend with. A sudden halt was made, and a fire given to us, which wounded only three of our men. It was immediately returned, and they were then charged with bayonets, when a general rout ensued. Our mounted militia pursued them, and from the best intelligence killed a great many.

    We have taken a Major Lindsay, who is wounded, and six privates. Those who escaped have gone over Saluda river, and I imagine will not come near us again. We have not yet ascertained the precise loss of the enemy; but as many were killed, wounded, and taken in the pursuit, it cannot be less than 60 in all.

  • "Extract of a letter from Lieutenant Colonel John Harris Cruger to Lieutenant General Charles Lord Cornwallis, dated Ninety Six, 15 December 1780", Great Britain, Public Record Office, Cornwallis Papers, PRO 30/11/4, folios 335-336. (TB)
    "Last Tuesday Week I heard of a party of Rebels under Clark, Few, Twigs, Candler, &c crossing the Saluda into Long Cane settlement. they reported themselves 4, to 500– One of their Objects was to get the Inhabitants to join them, for which purpose they order'd Williamson, Pickens, & the Principal People of the Country who were on parole to attend them, alledging that we had violated the capitulation; they used both soothing & threatening Arguments to those Gentlen. who I have the pleasure to inform your Lordship, behaved like men of Honor, & persisted in a different opinion: some idle worthless Chaps join'd them, but not, from what I can learn, one man of Character.

    "Last monday morning was the soonest I could get together any militia, when Br: Genl: Cunningham brought over with him about 110– to which I added 150 Rank & File of this Garrison with one field Piece under Colo: Allen, & sent them off on Monday Night at 11 O'Clock, in hopes of surprising the Enemy, who we had reason to believe lay at Genl: Williamson's, (WhiteHall) but unluckily found no body there– but recd: intelligence that they were encampt six miles farther on, for which the march was immediately continued, but here again we fell short by about three miles; a halt was then made, the Day being far spent; a party of Militia was sent out for forage, & were driven by the Rebels, who having recd: not the least intimation of any Soldiers being on the ground, run headlong into our Camp, so sudden & rapidly that the Soldiers had but just time to form, they gave one fire & rush'd on with the Bayonets, a rout ensued & soon became general, our Militia avail'd themselves of this Circumstance & pursued for Two miles with spirit, the soldiers follow'd those of the enemy who had not time to get on their horses: the first Rebel that arrived in their Camp sett the rest agoing, & in an instant they were all off leaving six Waggons, & 30 head of Cattle, & on Wednesday Morning recross'd the Saluda: their loss kill'd is reported, from 30 to 50– prisoners taken– one Major, badly wounded, & 8 privates chiefly wounded– the Colonls: Clark & McCall are wounded but escaped– Our loss, 2 Militia men kill'd, 6 wounded, & 3 soldiers wounded. Colo: Allen & the soldiers will be in this evening or tomorrow morning– the Militia I have desired to continue scouring the Country…"



  • Other Area of Interest:   Fork of Long Cane Creek & Bold Branch

    Map from CBB or click on image.

    To date, no additional evidence has been found connecting this site with the Long Cane action. However, this information has been provided by persons of known credibility and it could yet be found that pursuit by the loyalist militia "for two miles" may have been 2 miles beyond the "bridge area" rather than 2 miles from the initial engagement area as has been assumed from Cruger's statement. This area may yet become of significant interest.

    CBB: There is an historical marker 1.4 miles south of Long Cane Creek on hwy 28.
    [JR note: per map snippets, left and above, this should be here: z=17&n=3757631&e=372620 ].


  • Sherman's Calendar.... Search for long cane, any words. To avoid long downloads, use option to "Save and view this PDF in Reader".

  • NBBAS
    Vol.Two: p.381, 12 Dec 1780, Col.Clarke vs. *Lt.Col.Allen, battle. Revlist post
    Vol.Three: p.22, ? Jan 1781, Maj.Dunlap, plundered McCall's, burned Pickens

  • Baxley: SCAR. Search cd version for long cane. Numerous participants.

  • RevWar75 RevWar75 Listings for

Related sites: White Hall

Confidence level: See above.