Long Island of Holston
7-1777 Long Island of Holston Treaty
Where: 36.51405,-82.54234 Long Island of Holston
Maps: [map notes]
- Campbell, John C., The Southern Highlander and His Homeland, New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1921. p.66.
The lands in North Carolina that lie within the
present counties of Buncombe, Madison, Henderson, Transylvania,
and a part of Haywood, were thrown open to settlement through
a treaty between the state of North Carolina and the Cherokee Indians concluded on
July 20, I777 
 This treaty was made at Long Island on the Holston River, and has
generally been designated as the Treaty of Holston. A later treaty is
also referred to as the Treaty of LongIsland. By this Treaty of Long Island,
the lines separating lands of the Cherokee Nation from those open
to settlement to the white men were defined.
- Carpenter, William Henry, The History of Tennessee from its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, E. Claxton & Co., 1881, p.119
The detachments sent out from this point laid
waste all the villages inhabited by the hostile
warriors, who, under old Abram of Chilhowee,
the Raven, and the Dragging-Canoe, had
threatened previously the Holston and Watauga
settlements, and wreaked their vengeance on the
borders of Virginia. The towns inhabited by
such Cherokees as had remained neutral were
wisely spared. After having thus effectually
humbled the pride of the mountain warriors.
Christian offered to entertain negotiations for a
peace. The proposal was eagerly accepted, and
an agreement was soon after drawn up, by which
the Cherokees bound themselves to send delegates from all the tribes to meet in council at
Long Island the following May, for the purpose
of formally ratifying a treaty.
- O'Donnell, James H., Southern Indians in the American Revolution, Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1973.
I. "Assassin-Allies" or Friends and Brothers?
II. The Cherokee War of 1776
III. A Year of Peace
IV. Empty Promises
V. A Year of Change
VI. Promises Fulfilled
VII. The Decline of British Influence
VIII. Ends and Beginnings
- National Park Service, Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, "Long Island of the Holston, Tennessee"
- Vanished Places of the Appalachians, "Long Island of the Holston"
- Full text of the treaty, "Treaty with the Cherokee
and North Carolina Jul. 20, 1777"
- Cherokee Prayer Initiative:
Cherokee Prayer Site Guide. Also found here. See site 516.
X 516. Long Island of Holston, Fort Patrick Henry, Fort Robinson, Treaty of 1761
Maps– OM, HT, CA
Location: Gravel lot between Holston River and Tennessee Eastman Warehouse 245 off Hwy 93 in Kingsport, TN, going toward Fordtown. (Cross bridge over Holston, go underneath.) 200 yards below the upper end of Long Island of Holston.
Fort Patrick Henry built 1776– some of Christian's men went into winter quarters there after expedition (AT)
1777 Avery Treaty (Long Island of Holston Treaty) site–(ET); occasion of Old Tassel's speech in which he discussed differences in cultures. (OM) Treaty reserved the Island for the use of Nathaniel Gist, Sequoyah's father. (GW) Gist was a tory in 1777 but switched sides. (GW)
Historical Notes on the Cherokee People, Linda Fulmer. Also see here.
[OM] Alderman, The Overmountain Men, 1970.
[AT] J. G. M. Ramsey, Annals of Tennessee, 1853, reprint 1967
[ET] Somerset, Encyclopedia of Tennessee, 1993.
[GW] Grace Steele Woodward, The Cherokees, 1963.
- CPI Map: Tri-Cities, TN (Kingsport, Johnson City, Bristol). #516. Large.
- July 1777. Not found.
- July 1781. Not found.
Confidence level:: 4