Database

John Gibbes' Plantation.

Other names:

What:Skirmish, Lt.Col. John Laurens vs. Lt.Gen. Cornwallis, 29-30 Mar 1780

Where: 32.800595, -79.965904 (WGS84/NAD83).

Maps: [map notes]

Sources:

  • Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1775-1780, 1901, Macmillan & Co., Ltd., p.454
    On the following day, the 30th [Mar 1780], Sir Henry Clinton ordered the light infantry and yagers, supported by the grenadiers and the other corps and regiments, to gain the road and to move toward the town.2 This they did, and met with no opposition for ten miles of their march; but as they approached Gibbes's farm, about two miles from the town, their advance, about ten or twelve o'clock, met Colonel Laurens, who skirmished with them the rest of the day, being reenforced in the evening by Major Lowe, with ninety men and two field-pieces. This skirmish took place in view of both armies and of many ladies of Charles- town, who came out to the works, and who continued to do so even after the firing from the town had begun, and would, with all the composure imaginable, watch the cannonading of the enemy.1 In this first encounter of the siege Captain Bowman, of Hogan's North Carolina brigade, was killed,2 and Major Hyrne8 and seven privates were wounded. On the British side the Earl of Caithness, aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-chief, was wounded, with several men. About dark Colonel Laurens and his party fell back into the lines. General Mclntosh pronounced the whole affair a mere point of honor without advantage!

    2 Tarleton's Memoirs, 9.
    1 Moultrie's Memoirs, vol. II, 62; Mclntosh, So. Ca. in the Revolution (Simms), 104.

  • William Thomas Sherman, Calendar and Record of the Revolutionary War in the South: 1780-1781, 2003-2006, p.90
    30 March. [skirmishes] Fuller’s Plantation (opposite from Drayton’s house), and Road to Charlestown. (Charleston County, S.C.) With the light troops leading the advance, the British moved down the Dorchester road headed for Charlestown. As they approached the city, Laurens’ Continental light infantry kept up a steady skirmishing fire from behind trees and at a distance. This lasted for about half an hour, during which time Lord Caithness, an aide to Clinton, and one of the jägers were wounded. Laurens retired then behind the fleches, from where he requested additional reinforcements. Some artillery arrived to Laurens’ support, however Lincoln had sent countermanding orders for these to withdraw, yet which orders had not yet arrived. Laurens, by this time had left the fleches, which were subsequently occupied by some jägers. He then ordered a swift bayonet counterattack. With three bayoneted, the outnumbered Hessians were driven from the redoubt. However, the British light infantry were brought forward, and they in turn forced Laurens back. Artillery of both sides then exchanged fire for a while, with relatively little effect by either side. As assessed by Borick, the Americans suffered Maj. Edmund Hyrne wounded, along with 7 privates, and a Captain Bowman of the N.C. line slain. The British lost the 3 Hessians in the counterattack, one of whom was killed, these in addition to Lord Caithness and the jäger wounded earlier on. With the onset of nightfall, Laurens retired into the city, while most of the British army camped at Gibbes’ Plantation, two miles from Charleston, at which location the British subsequently had their supplies landed.313

    313   DSC [(DeSaussure) An Account of the Siege of Charleston], BGD [(Bass) The Green Dragoon: The Lives of Banastre Tarleton and Mary Robinson] p. 73, BSC [Borick’s A Gallant Defense: The Siege of Charleston, 1780] pp. 104-106.

  • Nomination of present structure as NHS. Address given as 260 St. Margaret St., owner during the Am.Rev. given as John Gibbes.

  • Info page on current site.

  • Grove Plantation House c.1790
    -- Lowndes' Grove Plantation House. The Grove Plantation was developed about the middle of the 18th century by John Gibbes. His plantation house with its large garden of exotic plants was destroyed during the Siege of Charleston by the British in 1780. lt stood some distance to the southwest of the present house, which was built before 1790 by George Abbott Hall.

  • ArchiveThis map shows a slightly different location, but if you look closely, you may find other errors in this map.

  • NBBAS:Two p.130-134.

  • RevWar75  
  • Mar 1780 listing:
    3/20/1780 near Charlestown. Draw.
    3/30/1780 Gibbe's Plantation (Peaceful Retreat Plantation, Gibbes' Farm) ["Peaceful Retreat" was Robert Gibbes Plantation on John's Island, different action, different time]. Shown as a draw.
    3/7 - 5/12/1780 Seige of Charlestown
  • Apr 1780 listing:
    4/4/1780 Charlestown. Draw
    4/4/1780 Battery Number 6, Charlestown. Insufficient data.
    4/13/1780 Charlestown. Draw.
    4/20/1780 Charlestown. Draw.
    4/24/1780 Sortie from Charlestown. American victory.
    5/12/1780 Surrender of Charlestown. British victory.

    Related sites:
    William Gibbes Plantation,   John Raven Mathews Plantation,   Robert Gibbes Plantation,  

    Confidence level: 5

    12-26-16