9/29/78 Col. Hartley* vs. Seneca.
41.65829 -76.16323 Indian Hill
Maps: [map notes]
- Indian Hill
Boulder and Tablet (Off US 6, Cornell Road, ~5 miles east of Wyalusing, 1st right past Indian Hill marker traveling east)
"Indian Hill Battlefield. On September 29, 1778, on the hill one mile southeast of this marker, in the most desperate engagement between the Indians and the White Man in Bradford County, Col. Thomas Hartley defeated the Indians. He left Fort Muncy September 21st. On the 27th burned, Tioga, and Queen Esthers Town, reached Wyalusing at eleven o'clock on the night of September 28th. This campaign ended incursions in Bradford County and prepared the way for the Sullivan Expedition. Hard by on the East of this marker led the old Warrior Path and the Sullivan Trail. Marked by the Penna. Historical Commission and the Bradford County Historical Society, 1929."
- Historical Marker: Indian Hill
The hill just southeast was the scene, Sept. 29, 1778, of a battle between Col. Thos. Hartley's men from Fort Muncy, and the Indians. Two days before, Hartley had burned Queen Esther's town near present Athens.
- Elvin Birth, The 1779 Western Campaigns, Raleigh: 2003, privately published, "Journals.pdf", p.5.
- Conover, George S., compiler Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan Against the Six Nations Indians in 1779.., Auburn NY: Knapp, Peck & Thomason, 1887.
[p.124, f.n.] During this day's march the army passed over Indian Hill, where Col. Hartley had a battle with the Indians the previous year.
[p.349] or a mile the path was over the hill which divides Black Walnut
from Skinner's Eddy, or Depew's where they crossed Tuscarora creek at its mouth,
thence over Indian Hill* to the river, one mile and a half farther to Wyalusing**...
* So named on account of a considerable skirmish in which Hubley's [Hartley's] regiment was engaged here
with the Indians on his return from the expedition against Tioga the fall before.
** Prior to the Revolution it [Wyalusing] was the most considerable
white settlement above Wyoming, no less than forty families being settled in the neighborhood. The
settlement was broken up by Tories and Indians in the fall and winter of 1777-'8.
Sep 1778 listing. No PA listing.
Oct 1778 listing. 10/1778 Tioga. Shown as insufficent data.
Teaoga, Queen Esther's Town, Sheshequin