Battle, Col. Seth Warner vs. *BG Simon Fraser, 7 Jul 1777
43.6972871 -73.1373328, Hubbardton Battle Monument
Maps: [map notes]
- 43.6972871 -73.1373328, Hubbardton Battle Monument
- GNIS record for Hubbardton Battle Monument. Note mapping options. Try "USGS The National Map", click on "Elevation", click on "1/3 ArcSecond NE CONUS", click on "Refresh map".
- World Wind view at 500m altitude. Select USGS 1m Ortho. Tools, Options: set vertical exaggeration to 0.5. Just below the crosshairs, right-click and hold, and slowly drag toward the bottom of the screen. You can continue to hold your "right-click" and rotate the view to see from other angles.
- Google Earth terrain view. Try lowering the "tilt" angle, then using either of the "rotate" arrows.
- 43.71045,-73.13074, Sucker Brook, approx. 1 mile n. of Hubbardton Monument
- ACME Mapper.
- National Map
Related sites: Fort Ticonderoga, Mount Independence.
- Search for RevList messages with Hubbardton in the subject. There were 56 on 28 Jan 07.
- Action Huberton. Faden, William; Gerlach, P.,Deputy Quarter Master General, 1780 at David Rumsey Historical Map Collection. Thanks to Mike Barbieri's RevList Post.
- "Hubbardton Battlefield State Historic Site"
"In June of 1777 British Lieutenant General John Burgoyne's forces pressed southward from Canada on Lake Champlain, as part of Burgoyne's plan to split off New England from the rest of the American colonies.
As they closed in on Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence in Orwell, Vermont, American Major General Arthur St. Clair made the difficult decision to withdraw from these forts and save his troops for a future encounter. About 4,000 American soldiers left hurriedly under the cover of darkness the night of July 5 and 6. The main army, with Colonel Ebenezer Francis and a small protective guard to the rear, moved southeast along the very rough and narrow Mount Independence-Hubbardton military road.
When St. Clair and his exhausted men had marched over 20 miles, reaching the hills of Hubbardton, he transferred a number of soldiers from his main army to the rear guard. The main army would continue their southward retreat and the rear guard, now numbering 1,000 to 1,200 men, would protect them from the pursuing British.
Colonel Seth Warner led the expanded American rear guard. It consisted of his Green Mountain Boy Continental regiment and some militia; Colonel Francis leading a portion of his Massachusetts Continental regiment and selected units from other regiments; and Colonel Nathan Hale with his 2nd New Hampshire Continental Regiment and a number of sick and stragglers.
The advancing British were seasoned Regulars, superior to the Americans in training, experience, and equipment. They consisted of Brigadier General Simon Fraser, one of Burgoyne's best line officers, and his elite Advance Corps; Major Robert Grant with his 24th Regiment of Foot; Major Alexander Lindsay leading the British light infantry; Major John Acland with the British grenadiers; and Major General Baron von Riedesel and his German Brunswick troops.
At 5:00 a.m. American pickets in the saddle near Sargent Hill, to the northwest of Monument Hill, spotted approaching British scouts. The pickets fired, and moved back to join their main body. By 6:30, as the first British soldiers reached Sucker Brook, the American delaying companies started firing-killing Major Grant and 21 others. Thus began the Battle of Hubbardton, the first time Burgoyne's army met the resistance and bravery of Americans in battle.
- Kenneth Tyler, "Hubbardton Battlefield offers step back in time", The Spartan, Castleton (VT) State College, 6 Dec 2006.
- Boatner, 476, 526.
Google book search (all books) for hubbardton 1777. 445 returns!
Google book search (full view books) for hubbardton 1777. 193 returns!
listing 7/7/1777 Hubbardton. British victory.
Submitted by: John A. Robertson
Confidence level: 5