What: 5 July 1781, *Col. Hayne vs. BG Williamson
Other names: Williamson's Plantation
Where: 32.85367 -79.99882 Horse Savannah (Sevenmile)
Maps: [map notes]
- Terry Lipscomb, "South Carolina Revolutionary War Battles", Part Seven, Names in South Carolina, XXVI, Winter 1979:
[Ref 31 Aug 1781, Horse Savannah]
[p.31] On the night of July 5, a small band of Patriot militia from
Colleton County made an excursion into the neighborhood of
Charleston, for the purpose of capturing General Andrew
Williamson. This.former leader of the Patriots in Ninety Six
District had taken protection from the British and was at this time
living peaceably on a plantation at Horse Savannah in the low
country. Colonel Isaac Hayne and his men surrounded
Williamson's house, only seven miles from town on the Dorchester
Road, and carried him off as a prisoner. The rescue of General
Williamson became a matter of urgent priority with the British for
political reasons. They could not allow the Patriots to discredit the
value of British protection in such a dramatic manner.
- NBBAS:Three. p.280-281.
Horse Savannah, South Carolina
5 July 1781
Colonel Isaac Hayne had been the commander of the Colleton County Regiment, but when Charlestown fell he went home to his plantation, as per the instructions under the Articles of Capitulation. When Sir Henry Clinton revoked all paroles Hayne signed a stipulation "to demean himself as a British subject so long as the country should be covered by the British army."
When Haynes visited Charlestown he showed this paper to General Patterson, but the General refused to let him return home unless he signed a declaration of allegiance to the King. He did sign the declaration, but after the Patriots had reoccupied the area of his home and plantation he believed that he was freed from the declaration.
On July 5th Hayne led 100 horsemen into the suburbs of Charlestown and captured Brigadier General Andrew Williamson. Williamson was known as the "Benedict Arnold of the South." He had been the leader of the Patriots in the Ninety-Six district, but had taken protection from the British after Charlestown fell.
Williamson was living on a plantation at Horse Savannah on Dorchester Road, which was only seven miles from Charlestown. Williamson was hurried from bed without even being given the time to dress properly. The rescue of General Williamson became a priority with the British due to political reasons. The British could not allow the Patriots to discredit their protection so easily.[i]
[i] Ripley, Battleground, pp. 183-185
- PJO: " The only description I have is that it was seven miles from Charleston on the Dorchester road. So if you look at the Mills map there is a Six Mile House and an 8 Mile House . I figure the Horse Savannah was in between. If you can find out where Williamson's temp plantation was, or where Horse Savannah was, you can nail it down. There is a Horse Savannah in Horry County today, but that is too far north. " Basis of site location.
- Patrick's mark is 272 degrees, 1.03 miles from the Quarter House, confirming his location. His location is as good as his source information.
- Sherman, "Calendar...". p.398. To avoid long downloads, use option to "Save and view this PDF in Reader".
- Email from M.A. Shearon 6/3/2009:
Wanted to thank you for putting together such a useful research tool. Had come across the site-name of "Horse Savannah" in the course of some research and ended up at your website. You probably already have all the info below, but am forwarding it to you in case you'd like to take a look.
Horse Savannah and Cow Savannah
South Carolina HIstorical and Genealogical Magazine, by South Carolina Historical Society (Volume 15, published 1914)
of the "Cow Savannah" and "Villa" plantations, and separated from them by the public road from Bacons Bridge to Parkers Ferry called the Horse Savannah ...
After his death in 1778 upon the settlement of his estate this plantation was sold as "that valuable plantation "situate at Horse Savannah commonly called The Hut...
The genealogy of the Mell family in the southern states
By Patrick Hues Mell, Annie R. White Mell
... with Melchior Garner, a noted patriot, Inquirer and Collector of taxes needful for the support of the state government in Beach Hill and Horse Savannah[,] St. Paul's Parish. ...
Just a little additional information about "Horse Savannah, South Carolina". I had no idea it was a somewhat common name for a natural pasture, as I also found the name in other locations.
listing. 7-5-1781. Shown as draw.
Abel Kolb, grave
Submitted by: Patrick O'Kelley
Confidence level: 3