Hampton Massacre, 30 June (or 3 July) 1776
Maps: [map notes]
- Author: John B.O. Landrum. Title: History of Spartanburg County: embracing an account of many important events... Quotation:
The Hampton Family
The ancestor of the Hampton family in South Carolina was Anthony Hampton, who with his wife and daughter, his sons, Preston, Wade, Edward, Henry and Richard and his son-in-law James Harrison, emigrated in the year 1774 from Virginia to the extreme western border of South Carolina, settling in the territory afterwards embraced in Spartanburg county. The place of his settlement was at what was afterwards known as the Asa Cunningham place, about one mile northeast of South Tyger River, which is within a few hundred yards of the dividing line between the counties of Greenville and Spartanburg, but was at that time the dividing line between the old district of Ninety-six and the Cherokee Indian Nation.
Author: Terry W. Lipscomb, Title: Names in South Carolina, Title: XXX, Publisher: University of South Carolina, Date published: Winter 1983, Pages: 15, Link: None,
Quotation: It [Woods Fort] was located between the South and Middle forks of Tyger River near Beaverdam Creek; it also seems to have been near a small tributary of South Tyger that is called Hampton Branch (First Clue). The 1784 land plat of Elisha Thompson locates Wood's Old Fort very near the present Greenville-Spartanburg county line.
Author: John Belton O'Neall Landrum, Title: Colonial and revolutionary history of upper South Carolina: embracing for ... , Title: PATRIOTISM OF EARLY SETTLERS OF SPARTANBURG AND UNION COUNTIES.—INDIAN OUTRAGES, 1776. LETTER FROM PROF. MORRISON , Publisher: Unknown, Date published: Unknown, Pages: 88, Link
Quotation: The first which we propose to mention as happening during the year 1776 was the murder of the Hampton family. This, as we understood it, was not far from the site of Wood's Fort, between Middle and South Tyger rivers, and near what is known as the Asa Cunningham place, on the Hue between the counties of Greenville and Spartanburg, which was then the east line of the Cherokee Nation. Anthony Hampton (says Dr. Howe in his history of the Presbyterian Church of South Carolina) with his wife and daughter, Preston, Henry and Edward, his sons, and James Harrison, his son-in-law, moved to what was afterwards Spartanburg District, about the year 1774. It is said that the Indians were seeking a different settlement which they had located. As they approached Mr. Hampton's house, some of their men recognized the face of Preston Hampton, whom, as we have already stated, had just returned from the Indian towns and had given warning of their intended rising. Some of the children of Mr. Hampton were sent to give warning to the neighbors. Mr. and Mrs. Harrison were, at the time, absent for a short distance. Old Mr. Hampton, it is said, met the Indians cordially. He gave the chief a friendly grasp of the hand, but had not more than done this when he saw his son, Preston, fall from the fire of a gun. The same hand which he had grasped a moment before sent a tomahawk through his skull. In the same way his wife was killed. An infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Harrison was dashed against the wall of the house, which was spattered with its blood and brains. The Indians then set fire to the house of Mr. Hampton. Mrs. Hampton, on coming up, seeing her father's house in flames, came very near rushing into the midst of the savages. Her husband, anticipating what the trouble was, held her back until the savages were gone. Edward Hampton was, at the time, at the house of his father-inlaw, Baylis Earle, on the North Pacolet.
Robert Owen's & Debra Anderson's Genealogy:
Quotation: Preston HAMPTON was born about 1720 in Virginia. (7) He died on 3 Jul 1776 in Spartanburg County, South Carolina. (7) Killed and scalped by Cherokee Indians on 3 Jul 1776
Becky Bass Bonner & Josephine Lindsay Bass: My Southern Family
"30 June 1776 the Cherokees and Tories arrived at the Hampton house. Elizabeth was visiting her parents while her husband was away recruiting militia. Of her brothers, only Preston was there. He had stopped to talk with his father before going into the Cherokee Nation with his wagonload of goods. Elizabeth left her infant son in the care of her mother and went to visit the Sadler family on the next plantation.
Probably the most accurate versions of the famous Hampton massacre is the eyewitness account of John Bynum, as related by J.B.O. Landrum in Colonial and Revolutionary History of Upper South Carolina.
"When the Indians appeared at the Hampton house, Preston saw a friendly chief in the part and went outside to greet him. His father followed him into the yard. Old Mr. Hampton gave the Chief a cordial welcome and handclasp, but almost immediately Preston was shot down by a Tory, and the hand Anthony had held sent a tomahawk through his skull. Mrs. Hampton appeared and was killed in like manner. The Indians entered the house, drank some brandy, and pillaged the family wardrobes.
Hearing the war whoops, Elizabeth Harrison and Mrs. Sadler crept across the canebrake to investigate, Coming in sight of the house, they saw the mutilated bodies of Mr. and Mrs. Hampton and Preston in the yard. As the terrified women watched, a Cherokee brave carried Elizabeth's infant into the yard and holding him by the feet, dashed his brains out against a tree. Mrs. Sadler clasped her hand over Elizabeth's mouth to stifle her scream and pulled her back through the canebrake to a place where their horses were tethered. Mounting bareback, they galloped to Wood's Fort for help.
A search party was sent out, but by the time they reached the Hampton place the Indians had burned the house and departed, taking Preston's wagons and the Hampton’s nine year old grandson, John Bynum, with them. The marauders had disappeared over the mountains into Cherokee country. It is said that the raiding party stopped at Preston's home some distance away and murdered his two children. His wife fled through the swamp and was found several days later wandering through the woods, her clothing torn to rags. She was so frightened that her mind never fully recovered from the ordeal".
- NBBAS:Vol. One:, p.113-114.
Submitted by Jack Parker.
Confidence level: 3
Related locations, Woods Fort