Haddonfield / Mantua Creek
near Haddonfield, Mantua Creek near Haddonfield, Heddonfield, Haddanfield, Haddenfield
What: [Can you provide additional detail for the following?:]
- Skirmish, Local militia harasses British troops on the way to Red Bank, 21 Oct 1777
- Skirmish, Brit. foraging party harasses camped American troops before the Battle of Gloucester, 24 Nov 1777
- Skirmish, ?? vs. ?? , 7 Dec 1777, near Haddonfield [RoyalProvincial.Com]
- Skirmish, Gen. Anthony Waynes foraging party tangles with British patrol, 28 Feb 1778
- Skirmish, Maj. John Simcoe (Br.) leads raid in Haddonfield vicinity, 28 Feb 1778
- Skirmish, British capture Maj. William Ellis during skirmish, 5 Apr 1778
- Skirmish, Committeeman Wilson vs. *Unknown commander, West Jersey Volunteers, 19 Jun 1778, Mantua Creek, British victory.
39.898869 -75.030440 Haddonfield (Indian King Tavern)
39.8540022 -75.2310157 Mantua Creek (mouth)
Maps: [map notes]
- 39.898869,-75.030440 Indian King Tavern, Haddonfield NJ
- ACME Mapper.
- National Map
- Google. See building: hybrid, close.
- Confidence: 5 (for Indian King Tavern), 4(for Haddonfield 1777-78), 3 (for skirmishes at Haddonfield, 1 (for skirmishes near Haddonfield), 0l (for skirmish at Mantua Creek)
- 39.8540022 -75.2310157 Mantua Creek (mouth)
- GNIS record for Mantua Creek. Note mapping options. Clicking out a few times in Google map will show full length of creek.
- Distance from Mantua Creek to Haddonfield varies from 9 to 11 miles.
- Confidence: 5 (for mouth), 3 (for skirmish at mouth of creek), 0 (for skirmishes near Haddonfield)
- 39.8915022 -75.0376707 Haddonfield, modern
- GNIS record for Haddonfield NJ. Note mapping options.
- Confidence: 5 (for modern Haddonfield), 2 (for skirmishes at Haddonfield), 1 (for skirmishes near Haddonfield), 0 (for skirmish at Mantua Creek)
- Buz, "Scott Murphy's Road Trip Blog":
I did notice that on the Haddonfield line, the county is GLO and it should be CAM. [Fixed]
I guess it can be said that Haddonfield and the Indian King Tavern should be remembered during the revolutionary war for rum, sedition, a Hessian burial ground in the Quaker cemetary and statehood for NJ.
- Treason pal[!], "Scott Murphy's Road Trip Blog":
I still remember walking by the tree that stated George Washington and his troops slept under that big oak (which I think is gone) in front of the tailor shop next to the Happy Hippo....
"The Mysterious Tavern Cellars: Tunnels, Dungeons and Colorful Legends"
"The Revolutionary War Era and Haddonfield's Famous Tavern"
In 1745, Philadelphia Quaker merchant and ship owner Mathias Aspden purchased a lot filled with crude brewery buildings in the center of the village of Haddonfield. One of many wealthy colonial businessmen investing in the rapidly growing economy of the Delaware Valley's colonies, Aspden cleared the site and began construction of the largest tavern building along the village's main road [Later Indian King].
"Haddonfield is a bit of a secret. It's Philadelphia's 'Main Line, East'".
"Reviving the Underground Rail Road"
- From Rutgers University, "Province of New Jersey", 1777, Library of Congress:
- David C. Munn, "Battles and Skirmishes of the American Revolution in New Jersey"", map on last page. Also, Search here for copy&paste version.
Haddonfield, October 21, 1777. Local militia harasses British troops on the way to Red Bank. Smith, Delaware, 18-19
Haddonfield, November 24, 1777. American troops bivouac before the Battle of Gloucester. British foraging party harasses them. Smith, Delaware, 39-40
Haddonfield, February 28, 1778. Gen. Anthony Waynes foraging party tangles with British patrol. Stewart, Foraging, 7
Haddonfield (Near), February 28, 1778. Maj. John Simcoe (Br.) leads raid in Haddonfield vicinity. Stewart, Foraging, 11
Haddonfield, April 5, 1778. British capture Maj. William Ellis during skirmish. Baurmeister, Revolution 162
Haddonfield, June 18, 1778. Gen. William Maxwell's brigade harasses British evacuating Philadelphia. Carrington, 414-415
- Boatner, Encyclopedia..., Front endpaper left (map), p.382 (Hessian campsite before Fort Mercer, 21 Oct 1777), 716 (Clinton moved his troops and supply train here after evacuating Philadelphia, before Monmouth Courthouse).
- Boatner, Landmarks..., p.193.
In moving from Philadelphia toward New York City in the summer of 1778, the British army under Gen. Clinton paused here to regroup before marching on to Monmouth Battlefield. Indian King Tavern has survived...it was a stopping place for couriers before the Revolution, and later a meeting place for the state legislature and Council of Safety. It is now a state historic site at 232 Kings Highway E....
- Wikipedia, "Haddonfield, New Jersey"
However, it was at the Indian King Tavern in Haddonfield in the winter of 1777 that the New Jersey General Assembly met and declared that New Jersey was a free and independent state.
- Wikipedia, "2nd New Jersey Regiment"
December 19, 1777 to March 1778 - Shreve’s Regiment entered winter quarters at Valley Forge and stayed there until ordered, on March 19, 1778, to take post in Haddonfield, New Jersey.
- Library of Congress, "Sketch of Haddonfield, March 1778. Sketch of the roads from Pennyhill to Black Horse through Mount Holly". By I. Hills, June 1778. Insert sketch of town rotated to have N at top. It is difficult to match this sketch with stream locations on
modern topo map.
- RoyalProvincial.Com, "Index to West Jersey Volunteers History"
"West Jersey Volunteers, Skirmish at Mantua Creek"
At the mouth of Mantua creek, they fell in with a party of the enemy in ambuscade
"West Jersey Volunteers, Skirmish at Mantua Creek" (Second report)
- Nov 1777 listing 11/25/1777 Haddonfield. Insufficient data.
- Apr 1778 listing 4/5/1778 near Haddonfield. British victory.
- Jun 1778 listing 6/19/1778 Mantua Creek, Haddonfield. Insufficient data.
- RoyalProvincial.Com. War Chronology, 1777:
25 Nov 1777 Haddonfield, New Jersey
07 Dec 1777 near Haddonfield, New Jersey [Not found elsewhere]
- RoyalProvincial.Com. War Chronology, 1778:
19 Jun 1778 Mantua Creek/Haddonfield, New Jersey West Jersey Volunteers
- Map, Rutgers University, "Battles and Skirmishes of the American Revolution in New Jersey", actions shown for Haddonfield:
21 Oct 1777
24 Nov 1777
28 Feb 1778
5 Apr 1778
19 Jun 1778
Also found (pdf) as last page in David C. Munn, Battles and Skirmishes of the American Revolution in New Jersey
Confidence level:: See above.