Other names: Little Beard's Town, Geneseo
9/14-15/1779. Burned by Sullivan's Expedition
Where: 42.766667, -77.866667 Genesee Castle
Maps: [map notes]
- Wiki: Little Beard's Town
Little Beard's Town, also known as Chenussio (in Seneca) and "Genesee Castle", was a powerful Seneca town in the Genesee River Valley near modern Leicester in Livingston County, New York, where Cuylerville stands today. It was named after its founder, Little Beard, a prominent Seneca sachem in the late 18th century. It had about 130 houses, fruit orchards, fields of corn and a large council building, built around a central square. The town was famous for its beautiful surroundings and the productivity of its vegetable gardens. It was located near three other Seneca towns, all of which were destroyed during the Sullivan Expedition in the American Revolutionary War.
42.766667, -77.866667 Basis for location.
The Seneca and three other Iroquois nations fought on the British side during the American Revolutionary War. Little Beard and his warriors participated in the Cherry Valley massacre and the Boyd and Parker ambush. In retaliation, troops of the Continental Army under Major General John Sullivan attacked Little Beard's Town and other Iroquois settlements in the Genesee and Mohawk valleys, destroying buildings and crops. The residents had to flee. Cuylerville was later built on the site by European-American settlers.
- Elvin Birth, The 1779 Western Campaigns, Raleigh: 2003, privately published, "Journals.pdf", p.147. 42.776574 -77.862998
- Conover, George S., compiler Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan Against the Six Nations Indians in 1779.., Auburn NY: Knapp, Peck & Thomason, 1887, pages suggested by Elvin Birth.
SEPT. 14.ŚWe marched 2 miles and forded the Chinesee river, then 3 miles down the
river to a large town called Chinesee Castle, .... In this town were 18o houses and an exceeding large field of corn, which
took the army until the middle of the afternoon next day to destroy, after which we
marched about 4 miles.
- Sep 1779 listing. 9/13/1779 Geneseo. American defeat.