British evacuation of Charles Town, 14 Dec 1782, from Gadsden's Wharf.
Where: 32.79009 -79.92640 Gadsden's Wharf
Maps: [map notes]
- Griffiths, John William. To Receive Them Properly, Charlestown Prepares For War, 1775-1776, University of South Carolina, Department of History, 1992, p.330. Map of wharves.
- Elliot, Bernard. Diary of Captain Barnard Elliot, 2nd South Carolina Regiment, Laurens Collection, South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, South Carolina.
...in 1776 Gadsden's Wharf was the barracks of the 4th South Carolina Artillery.
- Daniel J. McDonough,
Christopher Gadsden and Henry Laurens: The Parallel Lives of Two American Patriots, p.272, 2000, Susquehanna University Press
... the British boarded their transports at Gadsden's Wharf and left the capitol to Gadsden and the patriots.
- Harriott Horry Ravenel,
Charleston, the Place and the People,
Macmillan & Co., Limited,
Many Tory families decided to go with the fleet. Many
soldiers, on the other hand, determined to remain (especially
the Hessians) and hid themselves iu stables and outhouses
until their masters had gone.
... The American army had been encamped across the river in St. Andrew's Parish
at Ashley Hill, Commodore Gillon's place, and at
Middleton Place, which adjoined it. It now crossed the
river at Bee's Ferry, twelve miles from town, and marched
down as far as Shubrick's Belvidere farm (now occupied
by the Country Club) and lay there that night. At daybreak
the next morning General Leslie withdrew his troops
from the lines, retiring through the city gates (the same
through which Hayne had gone to his death) to Gadsden's
wharf, at the foot of the present Calhoun Street, and then
the embarkation began. Nine thousand citizens and negroes
besides the British army were crowded into the fleet —
eight hundred of the negroes had been seized by Major
Moncrieff alone; forty-eight hundred and twenty-four
were sold in Jamaica and Florida.
As the British departed the Americans came in, great
care being taken to keep several hundred yards between
the advancing and the retreating columns. The American
troops under General Wayne were drawn up in Broad
Street in front of the State House, and at three o'clock
General Greene escorted Governor Mathews and his council
into the town.
- Walter J. Fraser, Patriots, Pistols, and Petticoats: "Poor Sinful Charles Town" During the American Revolution, 1993
U of South Carolina
Christopher Gadsden's wharf on the Cooper was described in the early 1770's as "the most extensive of the kind ever undertaken by any one man in North America".
"A sketch of the operations before Charlestown, the capital of South Carolina".
"G" in legend indicates "Gadsdon's".
Modern topo map with Calhoun Street highlighted.
- listing for Dec 1782 12/14/1782 Charlestown, evacuated by the British. Shown as draw.
Confidence level:: See above.