Freeland's Station

Other names:

1-15-1781 Attacked by Chickasaw who were driven off (their only attack of settlement)

Where: 36.17865 -86.79503 Freeland's Station

Maps: [map notes]


  • Freeland's Station historical marker 36° 10.719' N, 86° 47.701' W (36.17865 -86.79503)
    On this site stood one of the principal stations of the Cumberland Settlements. Felix Robertson, son of Col. James Robertson and the first white child born in the Settlement, was born here, Jan. 11, 1781. On Jan. 15 the fort was heavily attacked by Indians, who were repulsed and driven westward.

  • Google Ramsey, James Gettys McGready The Annals of Tennessee, to the End of the Eighteenth Century: Comprising Its Settlement, as the Watauga Association, from 1796 to 1777; a Part of North-Carolina, from 1777 to 1784.... P.451
    Forty or fifty Indians, at the still hour of midnight, January fifteenth, of this year [1781], made an attack on Freeland's Station. Captain James Robertson had, the evening before, returned from the Kentucky settlements. Whilst on his journey through the intervening wilderness, he had accustomed himself to more vigilance than the residents of the fort felt it necessary, in their fancied security, to exercise. He was the first to hear the noise which the cautious savages made in opening the gate. He arose and alarmed the men in the station. But the Indians had effected an entrance. The cry of Indians, brought Major Lucas out of bed ; he was shot. The alarm having become general, the Indians retreated through the gate, but fired in the port-holes through the house in which Major Lucas lived. In this house a negro of Captain Robertson was shot. These were the only fatal shots, though not less than five hundred were fired into that house ; it was the only one in which the port-holes were not filled up with mud. The whites numbered only eleven, but they made good use of the advantage they possessed in the other houses in the fort. Captain Robertson shot an Indian. The whole body of them soon after retreated. The moon shone bright, otherwise this attack would probably have succeeded, as the fort was once in possession of the Indians. They had found means to loosen the chain on the inside, which confined the gate, and they were also superior in numbers.
    Also see pp.446, 448, 449, 455.
    See Gordon's Ferry another nearby killing in May 1780 (p.448) above.

  • Google Albright, Edward, Early History of Middle Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, 1909, pp. 73, 74, 79, 91, 100.

  • Yahoo O'Kelley, Patrick, "225 years ago today - Freeland's Station, TN".

  • RevWar75 RevWar75  
  • Jan 1781 listing 1/15/1781 Freeland's Station. Shown as draw.

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    Confidence level:: 5