1-15-1781 Attacked by Chickasaw who were driven off (their only attack of settlement)
Where: 36.17865 -86.79503 Freeland's Station
Maps: [map notes]
- Freeland's Station historical marker 36° 10.719' N, 86° 47.701' W (36.17865 -86.79503)
On this site stood one of the principal stations of the Cumberland Settlements. Felix Robertson, son of Col. James Robertson and the first white child born in the Settlement, was born here, Jan. 11, 1781. On Jan. 15 the fort was heavily attacked by Indians, who were repulsed and driven westward.
- Ramsey, James Gettys McGready
The Annals of Tennessee, to the End of the Eighteenth Century:
Comprising Its Settlement, as the Watauga Association, from 1796 to 1777; a Part of North-Carolina, from 1777 to 1784.... P.451
Forty or fifty Indians, at the still hour of midnight, January fifteenth, of this year , made an attack on Freeland's Station. Captain James Robertson had, the evening
before, returned from the Kentucky settlements. Whilst on
his journey through the intervening wilderness, he had accustomed
himself to more vigilance than the residents of the
fort felt it necessary, in their fancied security, to exercise. He
was the first to hear the noise which the cautious savages
made in opening the gate. He arose and alarmed the men
in the station. But the Indians had effected an entrance.
The cry of Indians, brought Major Lucas out of bed ; he was
shot. The alarm having become general, the Indians retreated
through the gate, but fired in the port-holes through
the house in which Major Lucas lived. In this house a negro
of Captain Robertson was shot. These were the only
fatal shots, though not less than five hundred were fired into
that house ; it was the only one in which the port-holes were
not filled up with mud. The whites numbered only eleven,
but they made good use of the advantage they possessed in
the other houses in the fort. Captain Robertson shot an Indian.
The whole body of them soon after retreated. The
moon shone bright, otherwise this attack would probably
have succeeded, as the fort was once in possession of the
Indians. They had found means to loosen the chain on the
inside, which confined the gate, and they were also superior
Also see pp.446, 448, 449, 455.
See Gordon's Ferry another nearby killing in May 1780 (p.448) above.
- Albright, Edward, Early History of Middle Tennessee, Brandon Printing Company, 1909, pp. 73, 74, 79, 91, 100.
- O'Kelley, Patrick, "225 years ago today - Freeland's Station, TN".
Jan 1781 listing 1/15/1781 Freeland's Station. Shown as draw.
Confidence level:: 5