Fort Charlotte AL.
What:13 March 1780. *Spanish Gen. Bernardo de Gálvez vs. Capt. Elias Durnford. Fort Charlotte captured.
Where: 30.687692 -88.040277, Fort Charlotte
Maps: [map notes]
- "Battle of Fort Charlotte", Wikipeida. "The Battle of Fort Charlotte was a two-week siege conducted by Spanish General Bernardo de Gálvez against the British fortifications guarding present-day Mobile, Alabama during the American Revolutionary War. Fort Charlotte was the last remaining British frontier post capable of threatening New Orleans in Spain's neighboring Louisiana colony, Its fall drove the British from the western reaches of West Florida.
Gálvez's army sailed from New Orleans aboard a small fleet of transports on January 28. On February 10, the Spaniards landed near Fort Charlotte. The outnumbered British garrison resisted stubbornly until the sight of several hundred regular infantry and artillerymen rowing ashore to bolster Gálvez's army broke their resolve on March 9 (the garrison commander, Captain Elias Durnford, had expected relief from Pensacola which never arrived). Their capitulation secured the west shore of Mobile Bay from the British and opened the path for Spanish operations against Pensacola."
- Ralph N. Cramer, Sr., "Washington's Second Front"
Hamilton, Peter Joseph, Colonial Mobile:
An Historical Study, Largely from Original Sources, of the Alabama-Tombigbee Basin from the Discovery of Mobile Bay in 1519 Until the Demolition of Fort Charlotte in 1821, Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1897.
Campbell could muster but 800 men, and the
Creeks, Choctaws, and Chickasaws, who remained loyal and
steadfastly refused Spanish overtures, were sometimes more of
a trouble and menace than a help. The two hundred Choctaws
and Chickasaws were useful just after the fall of Mobile, in driv-
ing back the Spaniards who had crossed the Perdido and over-
powered the British advance posts in order to drive off horses.
- NBBAS:Two . Not shown.
- NBBAS:Three . Not shown.
- Sherman, "Calendar..." . Search for fort charlotte. 3 retirms. To avoid long downloads, use option to "Save and view this PDF in Reader".
14 March. [surrender] Fort Charlotte (Mobile County, AL.) Fort Charlotte (located in modern day Mobile,
Alabama) and its 300 man British garrison were captured by Spanish forces under General, also Governor of
Louisiana, Bernardo de Galvez."
- Fort Location is that of the modern Fort Conde Visitor Center.
- "Fort Condé Area". Map, markers.
- listing. 2/29/1780 Fort Charlotte, Mobile. Shown as British victory.
3/1 - 10/1780 Siege of Fort Charlotte, Mobile. Shown as insufficient data.
3/10/1780 Fort Charlotte, Mobile. Shown as draw.
3/12/1780 Fort Charlotte, Mobile. Shown as draw.
3/13/1780 Fort Charlotte, Mobile. Shown as Spanish victory.
- listing. 1/7/1781 Fort Charlotte, Mobile. Shown as American-allied victory. This is actually Spanish Fort (Mobile Village).
Related sites: Spanish Fort, Pensacola
Submitted by: Patrick O'Kelley
Confidence level: 5