Database

Fort Randolph.

What:
Fort Randolph,11-7[10?]-77 Soldier killed; Cornstalk murdered. 5-20-78 Seige by Half King and 100 Wyandot. 7-79 Evac.

Other names:

Where:
38.8391667 -82.1411111, Fort Randolph, Mason Co. WV

Maps: [map notes]

  • 38.8391667 -82.1411111, Fort Randolph
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 4

    Sources:

    • GNIS GNIS record for Fort Randolph (historical)
      38.8391667 -82.1411111 Basis for location. Shown as being in Macon County.

    • Wiki Fort Randolph (West Virginia)
      In 1776, the Virginia Assembly, alarmed at the defenseless state of their western border,[2] ordered a new fort built on the site. Virginia militiamen under Captain Matthew Arbuckle built Fort Randolph in May 1776. It was named after Peyton Randolph, the first president of the Continental Congress, who had died the previous year.[3] The fort, along with Fort Pitt and Fort Henry, was intended to prevent American Indian raids into western Virginia and Pennsylvania. Gravesite of Cornstalk at Tu-Endie-Wei State Park in Point Pleasant, near where Fort Randolph stood. The forts failed to deter raids, and so in 1777, the Americans made preparations for an offensive expedition into the Ohio Country. In November, Cornstalk made a diplomatic visit to Fort Randolph in order to discuss the rumored expedition. Shawnees who followed Cornstalk wanted to stay out of the war, but Cornstalk warned the Americans that he would not be able to keep all of the tribe neutral.[4] Although the proposed campaign had been cancelled because of a manpower shortage, Captain Arbuckle decided to detain Cornstalk and several other Shawnees as hostages in order to ensure that the Shawnees stayed neutral. When an American militiaman was killed outside the fort by Indians on November 10, his enraged companions charged into the fort and murdered Cornstalk and the other three Shawnee prisoners. Virginia's governor Patrick Henry brought the killers to trial, but they were acquitted because no one would testify against them.[5] On May 20, 1778, about 200 Wyandots and Mingos under Dunquat, the Wyandot "Half King", surrounded Fort Randolph and began a week-long siege. Unable to compel the surrender of the fort, the Indians then moved up the Kanawha to attack Fort Donnelly, which also withstood attack.[6] Apparently because resources were needed elsewhere, Fort Randolph was abandoned by the Americans in 1779.[7] American Indians burned the fort after it was abandoned.[3]

      [2] Randolph C. Downes, Council Fires on the Upper Ohio: A Narrative of Indian Affairs in the Upper Ohio Valley until 1795 (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1940; reprinted 1989, ISBN 0-8229-5201-7), 188.
      [3] History of Fort Randolph
      [4] Downes, Council Fires, 20506.
      [5] Downes, Council Fires, 207.
      [6] William Nester, The Frontier War for American Independence (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 2004; ISBN 0-8117-0077-1), 195.
      [7] William Nester, The Frontier War for American Independence (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 2004; ISBN 0-8117-0077-1), 195.

  • RevWar75 RevWar75  
    Dec 1777 listing: late 12/1777 Fort Randolph, Point Pleasant. American defeat.

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