7/28/1779 Unknown commander (one of the Commissioners of the County) vs. *Capt. John MacDonald (Loyalist), Hiokatoo (Seneca)
Where: 41.101667, -76.795833 Freeland, Fort
Maps: [map notes]
- Elvin Birth, The 1779 Western Campaigns, Raleigh: 2003, privately published, "Journals.pdf", p.64. 41.099085 -76.806009
- Nomination form for Hower-Slote House (Fort Freeland House), National Register of Historic Places. See map on last page. Note area defined by polygon A,B,C,D,E. 41.10232 -76.79546
- Hower-Slote House, also known as the Fort Freeland House
Multiple GeoHack maps of Hower-Slote House (Fort Freeland House) 41.101667, -76.795833 Basis of location..
However, from the aerial views, it appears that the only building of rectangular design in the vicinity is here 41.10229 -76.79649. about 100 yards to the NNW.
- "28 July, Battle of Fort Freeland, Butlerís Rangers". John MacDonell's report to Colonel Butler from Tioga Point 5th August 1779.
Sipe, C. Hale, The Indian wars of Pennsylvania : an account of the Indian events, in Pennsylvania, of the French and Indian war, Pontiac's war, Lord Dunmore's war, the revolutionary war, and the Indian uprising from 1789 to 1795.... Harrisburg, Pa. : Telegraph Press, 1929.
...Hiokatoo, also known
as Gardow, by whom she had four daughters and two sons. This
second husband was a cruel and vindictive warrior. ...
...As will be seen he
commanded the Senecas at the capture of Fort Freeland, July
Captain John MacDonald, a Tory
in command of a force of British and three hundred Senecas,
marched from the vicinity of Wyalusing, Bradford County, and
attacked the garrison at Fort Freeland on July 28th, where many
settlers had gathered for protection....
...The firing on Fort Freeland could be distinctly heard at Fort
Boone, located about a mile above the town of Milton, Northumberland
County; whereupon, Captain Hawkins Boone, a cousin
of the famous Daniel Boone, hastened from the fort with a detail
of thirty-two soldiers to the relief of the defenders at Fort Freeland.
However, in a few hours Fort Freeland was a mass of
ruins, and its gallant defenders were either tomahawked or
taken prisoners. It is said that the resistance was so stubborn
that the articles of capitulation were not accepted until Captain
MacDonald had made the third proposal, and not even then,
until all the ammunition in the fort was exhausted, the women
even melting the pewter into bullets while the menfired themat
the British and Indians.
Upon the surrender of thefort, the British and Indians gathered
together the provisions and proceeded to the creek, where they
made preparations for a feast. While they were feasting Captain
Boone's party arrived on the opposite bankof the creek and fired
a volley into the midst of the revelers, killing about thirty of them.
However, the British and Indians soon rallied and surrounded
Boone's forces, killing thirteen of them, among whom was Captain
Boone himself. As a result of the capture of Fort Freeland, one
hundred and eight settlers were killed or taken prisoner. The
enemy then ravaged the country in the vicinity, advancing as far
as Milton, and burning everything before them.
Fifty-two women and children, and four old men were permitted
by the British commander to go to Fort Augusta. The
captives were taken to Niagara. The few who survived the hardships
of the terrible march through the wilderness and the sufferings
of long imprisonment, returned to the surviving members of
their families after the close of the RevolHtionary War.
- July 1779 listing. 7/28/1779 Fort Freeland. American defeat.