Edisto, Forks of
Mett's Crossroads (modern)
Skirmish/murder, John Adam Treutlen vs. *Capt. James Swinney, March 1782
Where: 33.60294 -80.74415 Mett's Crossroads (Edisto, Forks of)
Maps: [map notes]
- 33.60294,-80.74415 Mett's Crossroads (Edisto, Forks of), small granite marker [NW quadrant, intersection of Highway 176 & 45].
- ACME Mapper.
- National Map
- Confidence: 5 (of marker), 3 (of skirmish)
- Terry W. Lipscomb, Names in South Carolina, XXX, "South Carolina Revolutionary Battles, Part Ten", English Dept., Univ. of South Carolina, Winter, 1983, p.11
One of the most intriguing little-known actions of the Revolution occurred across the forks of the Edisto in old Orangeburg District, or more specifically, in modern Calhoun County. It was here in March of 1782 that a battle was fought in which John Adam Treutlen, the first state governor of Georgia, was killed by the Tories. The enemy force was an independent company commanded by Captain James Swinney and belonging to General Robert Cunningham's Loyalist brigade. The action is said to have occurred near present Metts Crossroads, three miles north of Cameron at the intersection of U.S. 176 and state secondary road 45. Governor Treutlen had fled from British-occupied Georgia and was living among his German kinsmen in South Carolina at the time of his death. Although Captain Swinney mentioned a battle in his pay abstract written only two months after the event, Governor Treutlen's South Carolina descendants have always maintained that the venerable Patriot was lured from his home by a ruse and was then brutally murdered. The circumstances of Treutlen's death seem likely to remain shrouded in mystery, but Swinney and his men have earned a secure place among the villains of local folklore. As one speaker declared when a marker was dedicated at Metts Crossroads, "This crime was unique even in the gory annals of criminal warfare and takes our memory back to the murderers of Duncan, king of Scotland."7
[Footnote:] 7. Murtie June Clark, Loyalists in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War, vol. 1. p. 222; Willie Llew Griffin, "Forgotten Patriot," Sandlapper, vol. 1, no. 10 (October, 1968), pp. 52-53; James F. Cook, Governors of Georgia, pp. 31-34; Allen D. Candler, ed., The Revolutionary Records of the State of Georgia, vol. 3, p. 92. For some interesting genealogical scrapbook material, see Grace Nadine M. Saunders, "The Genealogy and Short History of My Ancestors and Their Descendants," pp. 37-43, South Caroliniana Library.
- NBBAS:Four p.47:
Mett's Crossroads, South Carolina March 1782 Murder "...lured from his home by Capt. James Swinney and his Independent Company and murdered.
"Calhoun County Historical Sites" as noted in "A Survey of Historical Sites in the Lower Savannah Region", from The Lower Savannah Council of Governments as published in 1972.
John Adam Treutlen Marker
Located at the intersection of Old State Road and the Belleville road, this historical marker was erected to John Adam Treutlen. While visiting some of his lands here, Mr. Treutlen was murdered by the Tories near Mett's Crossroads in 1782. Treutlen was a member of the first Provincial Congress and was elected the first governor of Georgia in 1777.
- Mar 1782 listing: 3/1782 Mett's Crossroads. British victory.
Fort Motte, Big Savannah (Big Glades), Amelia Township (Sharp's Skirmish), Manigault's Ferry #2
Confidence level:: See above.