Essequibo/Demerara/Berbice, 27 February 1781 captured by British privateurs
Essequibo/Demerara/Berbice, 22 January 1782 captured by French
6.76675, -58.16674, Demerara (modern Georgetown)
6.2501, -57.5168, Berbice (modern New Amsterdam)
Maps: [map notes]
- "Guyana", WorldStatesmen.org:
"1750 Dutch settlement of Demerara (subordinate
27 Feb 1781 - Feb 1782 British occupation of Demerara, Essequibo, and
Berbice (subordinated to Barbados).
Feb 1782 - 1784 French occupation.
1784 Restored to Netherlands."
- "Guyana Under British, French And Dutch (1781-1783)"
- Robert A. Selig, The Washington - Rochambeau Revolutionary Route
in the State of New York, 1781-1782", p.72, footnote 208:
"  In October 1781, the two fusilier companies, some 332 men, that Lauzun had left behind, sailed for the New World as part of an expeditionary corps under the comte de Kersaint. In February 1782, the corps captured Demerary, Essequibo, and Berbice."
- Snippet from Thomas Jefferys, Composite: South America 1776, image 0346034 from David Rumsey Historical Map Collection at DavidRumsey.com:
- "Essequibo Colony", Answers.com.
- Demerara, Answers.com.
- Boatner: 114, 1186.
- Piers Mackesy, War for America, Published 1993,
U of Nebraska Press, p.456, 547.
- "West Indies Score Card":
" The French recovered the Dutch settlements of Demerara and Essequibo (on the Guiana coast of South America, and which had been seized by British privateers in 1781) on 22 January 1782."
- British Guiana 1832 , University of Texas. The upper right corner of this map shows Georgetown (Demerara), New Amsterdam (Berbice), shows the Essequibo River but no village or town. Essequibo may not have had such, but may been an area of settlement referred to as a colony (as seen on the 1776 map).
- "Dutch Control Of Essequibo":
"By the middle of the eighteenth century the Dutch had established themselves in all sections of the Essequibo region. Using Kykoveral, and later Fort Island, as their base of operations, Dutch traders and agents appointed by the Director General travelled to various locations by foot and canoe. They established contacts with various Amerindian villages with which they traded European goods for annatto dye, letter-wood, and crab oil."
- Snippet from Thomas Jefferys, A new chart of the coast of Guyana from Rio Orinoco to River Berbice 1787, image 0346034 from David Rumsey Historical Map Collection at DavidRumsey.com:
- Maps: Central America and the Caribbean
listing Feb 1781. Not found.
listing Feb 1782. Not found.
Confidence level: See above