Duncan's Creek |
Skirmish, *Capt. Christopher Casey vs. Cunningham's men, Nov 1781
Murder, James Wood vs. *William Cunningham, Nov 1781
34.49304, -81.62125, Duncan's Creek
35.01816, -81.98513, Lawson's Fork, approx. 5 mi. from Spartanburg
Maps: [map notes]
- NBBAS:Three. p.400-401
Duncan’s Creek and Lawson’s Fork, South Carolina
"The Bloody Scout"
After the massacre at Hayes Station "Bloody Bill" Cunningham rode to the southern portion of Union County to the house of John Boyce. He had just returned home to his family after being on campaign after fighting at King’s Mountain, Cowpens and Eutaw Springs. He was well known to Cunningham.
As Boyce sat down to dinner he heard the approach of horses. He rushed to the door and saw "Bloody Bill" and his gang. Boyce knew that he had to escape or die, so he ran right at the Loyalists horses and threw his hat in their face, making the horses shy left and right. He continued running through the startled Loyalists and into the woods. "Bloody Bill" Cunningham tried to ride him down and succeeded in striking at Boyce with his sword, but Boyce warded off the blow with his hand, almost severing three fingers. He made it to the thick woods where Cunningham’s horse couldn’t go.
Boyce watched Cunningham and his men ride off, then mounted his horse and rode to the house of his militia commander, Captain Christopher Casey. Casey rounded up fifteen men and rode after the Loyalists. At Duncan’s Creek on the Enoree River they captured a few of Cunningham’s stragglers. Casey took them to the intersection of Charlestown Road and Ninety-Six Road and hanged them from a hickory tree. The Loyalists were buried at the foot of the tree.
"Bloody Bill" Cunningham continued his reign of terror and rode on to Lieutenant-Governor James Wood’s house on Lawson’s Fork of the Pacolet River. Wood was a prominent Whig and the Commissioner of Sequestered Property. Cunningham dragged Woods out of his house and shot him. As he lay there wounded his wife begged for Wood’s life. In response Cunningham and his men hanged Woods from a dogwood tree.
That same day Cunningham’s gang went to the house of Hilliard Thomas. At sunset they rode up to the door of the house. Mr. Thomas came out and greeted Cunningham. Cunningham shot and killed him. Another man who had been in Thomas’s house escaped out the back.
- From Mills Atlas Newberry District circa 1820:
- John Belton O'Neall Landrum, Colonial and Revolutionary History of Upper South Carolina, p.353, 1897, Shannon & Co.
"...Lawson's Fork of the Pacolet River, about five miles north of what is now Spartanburg City,..."
- Sherman, "Calendar..." . Search for duncan's creek. . To avoid long downloads, use option to "Save and view this PDF in Reader".
Nov 1781 listing.
11/1781 Duncan's Creek. Insufficient data.
11/1781 Lawson's Fork. Insufficient data.
Submitted by: Patrick O'Kelley.
Confidence level: See above.