Where: 55.070 1.003 Dogger Bank
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Allen, Joseph, Battles of the British Navy, Vol. I (1190-1799), London: Henry G. Bohn, 1852. Click on icon in u.r.h. corner to download pdf. P.317.
We have next to record a very sanguinary battle familiarly
known as the Dogger Bank action. The British squadron,
under Vice-Admiral Hyde Parker, being off the Dogger
Bank, on its return to England with the Baltic convoy, consisted
of the following :—
On the 5th of August , at daybreak, a Dutch squadron,
commanded by Rear-Admiral Zontraan, was discovered
steering nearly the same course as the British, and also
escorting a fleet of merchant ships. The Dutch squadron
consisted of the following :—
At 4h. A.M., Vice-Admiral Parker, placing the convoy in
charge of Captain Sutton in the Tartar, ordered him to
make the best of his way to England. At 6h. A.M., the
British squadron was ordered to form a line of battle, at two
cables' length distance, and make all sail in chase. The
Dutch admiral, however, showed no desire to avoid an action,
and, having stationed his frigates and convoy to leeward of
the squadron, hauled to the wind on the larboard tack under
easy sail. The morning was fine and clear, with a light
breeze of wind from north-east, and the British, led by the
Berwick, were soon bearing down in good order to the
attack. At 8h. A.m., the British having arrived within
pistol-shot to windward without the enemy's having fired
a shot, an action commenced, which, for steadiness on both
aides, has been in few instances surpassed ; but, owing to
some little confusion among the British ships in taking
up their stations, occasioned in some measure from the
damages sustained by the fall of spars at the commencement,
the ships were not equally matched. After an incessant
cannonading of three hours and forty minutes, Vice-Admiral
Parker hauled down the signal for battle, and the British
ships hove to, and commenced repairing damages. The Fortitude
lost in the action twentykilled, and Lieuts. Joseph Harrington
(mortally), John Waghorn, and Martin Hinckley, the
boatswain, the pilot, and sixty-seven men wounded. Princess
Amelia had her captain, the gunner, and nineteen men killed,
and Lieuts. Richard Hill, Isaac Smith, and Richard Leggatt,
and fifty-six men wounded. Berwick, two midshipmen, and the
pilot, and eighteen men killed, and Lieuts. William Skipsey,
George Maxwell, Captain James Campbell, and Lieut. Hugh
Stewart (of the marines), six midshipmen, and fifty-eight
men wounded. Bientaisant, six men killed, and the gunner
and twenty-one men wounded. Buffalo, twenty men killed,
and Lieut. Randall (mortally), the boatswain, and sixty-four
men wounded. Preston, ten men killed, and Captain
Grteme (lost right arm), Lieut. David Hotchkis, and forty
men wounded. Dolphin, Lieut. Dalby, and eleven men
killed, and the boatswain and thirty-three men wounded.
Total, 109 killed and 362 (many mortally) wounded. The
Fortitude received ten shot between wind and water, masts,
&c., badly wounded, most of the standing and running
rigging shot away, and seven guns rendered unserviceable.
Princess Amelia, lower masts and bowsprit rendered unserviceable,
and hull much damaged. Berwick, fourteen shot
between wind and water, mizen-topmast shot away, several
ports beat into one, ten guns dismounted, and part of the
poop shot away. Bienfaisant, hull and masts much damaged,
and main-topmast shot away. Buffalo, thirty-nine shot
passed through the hull, stern gallery beat to pieces, and
masts, &c., much damaged. Preston, five shot between wind
and water, thirty-two 42 lb. shot sticking in her sides, and
fourteen passed, clean through her. Dolphin, all her masts,
Arc., much damaged.
The Dutch loss was even more severe, and the Hollandia
sank the same night. Her flag, which was kept flying, was
taken away by the Belle Poule, and carried to Admiral
Parker. The total loss in the Dutch squadron, exclusive of
the crew of the Hollandia, is reported to have been 142
killed and 403 wounded. After Vice-Admiral Parker discontinued
the action, the Dutch admiral put before the
wind with his shattered ships, and reached Holland. It is
to be regretted that the British should have had nothing
else to show by way of trophy than the Hollandia's flag,
which had been nobly kept flying by her gallant defenders.
The Dutch claimed a victory, and published an exaggerated
version of the affair ; and the States-General liberally rewarded
the surviving captains and officers.'