Chickamauga, 4/10 - 20/1779 Shelby burned. 1780 Sevier burned.
Where: 35.08859,-85.25605 Chickamauga
Maps: [map notes]
Cherokee Prayer Initiative:
Cherokee Prayer Site Guide. Also found here. See site 606.
X 606. Chic[k]amauga
SW on Chicamauga Creek near Chattanooga
1937 Cherokee Country Map
One mile long
Dragging Canoe and Big Fool Chiefs
In 1779 Shelby surprised 500 Cherokees there who fled. He burned the town. So did Sevier's men in 1780. (AT)
1937 Cherokee Country Map (found here on different website).
Historical Notes on the Cherokee People, Linda Fulmer. Also see here.
[AT] J. G. M. Ramsey, Annals of Tennessee, 1853, reprint 1967
Ramsey,James Gettys McGready,
The Annals of Tennessee, to the End of the Eighteenth Century:
Comprising Its Settlement, as the Watauga Association, from 1796 to 1777; a Part of North-Carolina, from 1777 to 1784; the State of Franklin, from 1784 to 1788; a Part of North-Carolina, from 1788 to 1790; the Territory of the U. States, South of the Ohio, from 1790 to 1796; the State of Tennessee, from 1796 to 1800. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Company, 1853. v
From Fain, John Tyree, Fain's Critical and Analytical Index and Genealogical Guide to Ramsey's Annals of Tennessee , Nashville, Tenn., Printed by P. Hunter, 1920.
Chickamauga Townsó185, 186,
187, 188, 198, 200, 266, 276, 342,
302, 465, 508.
- Powell, J.W., Nineteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology:
to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1897-98. Government Printing Office, 1900
The war between England and the colonies still continued, however,
and the British government was unremitting in its effort to secure the
active assistance of the Indians. With the Creeks raiding the Georgia
and South Carolina frontier, and with a British agent, Colonel Brown,
and a number of Tory refugees regularly domiciled at Chickamauga,3
it was impossible for the Cherokee long to remain quiet. In the
spring of 1779 the warning came from Robertson, stationed at Echota,
that three hundred warriors from Chickamauga had started against the
back settlements of North Carolina. Without a day's delay the states
of North Carolina (including Tennessee) and Virginia united to send a
strong force of volunteers against them under command of Colonels
Shelby and Montgomery. Descending the Holston in April in a fleet
of canoes built for the occasion, they took the Chickamauga towns so
completely by surprise that the few warriors remaining fled to the
mountains without attempting to give battle. Several were killed,
Chickamauga and the outlying villages were burned, twenty thousand
bushels of corn were destroyed and large numbers of horses and cattle
captured, together with a great quantity of goods sent by the British
Governor Hamilton at Detroit for distribution to the Indians. The
success of this expedition frustrated the execution of a project by
Hamilton for uniting all the northern and southern Indians, to be
assisted by British regulars, in a concerted attack along the whole
American frontier. On learning, through runners, of the blow that
had befallen them, the Chickamauga warriors gave up all idea of
invading the settlements, and returned to their wasted villages.'
- O'Kelley, Patrick, RevList post, Sun Apr 11, 1999, "THE LIST of actions in the Carolinas" includes:
10-20 April 1779 Chickamauga Towns, Tennessee
June 1779 Chickamauga Towns, Tennessee
- NBBAS:One P.269.
Chickamauga Towns, Tennessee
10-20 April 1779.
- Apr 1779 listing
4/10 - 20/1779 Chickamauga Towns. American victory.
Confidence level: 4: