Database

Cheowee

Other names: Chehohee, Cheohee, Chehokee

What: Burned by Col. Andrew Williamson, 11 or 12 Aug 1776

Where: 34.898334 -83.053335 Cheowee

Maps: [map notes]

Sources:

  • Margaret Mills Seaborn, map, "From 1730 to 1776, Cherokee Indian Towns, Oconee County, South Carolina", 1974, Oconee County Library

    Cheohee

  • James Gettys McGready Ramsey, The Annals of Tennessee to the End of the Eighteenth Century: Comprising Its ..., 1853, John Russell, p.163
    To inflict suitable chastisement upon the Cherokees, several expeditions were at once made into their territories. Colonel McBury and Major Jack, from Georgia, entered the Indian settlements on Tugaloo, and defeating the enemy, destroyed all their towns on that river. General[sic] Williamson, of South- Carolina, early in July [1776] began to embody the militia of that state, and before the end of that month was at the head of an army of eleven hundred and fifty men, marching to meet Cameron, who was, with a large body of Esseneca Indians and disaffected white men, encamped at Oconoree. Encountering and defeating this body of the enemy, he destroyed their town and a large amount of provisions. lie burned Sugaw Town, Soconec, Keowee, Ostatoy, Tugaloo and Brass Town. He proceeded against Tomassee, Chehokee and Eustustie, where, observing a recent trail of the enemy, he made pursuit and soon met and vanquished three hundred of their warriors. These towns he afterwards destroyed.

  • Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1775-1780, 1901 Macmillan & Co., Ltd., p.195ff

    Colonel Williamson resumed the offensive on the 2d of August, and on the 8th with 640 chosen men he marched to attack the Indian camp at Oconore ; finding it deserted, he destroyed two towns, Ostatoy and Tugaloo. He continued to advance until the 12th, when, coming up with a large body of Indians, he attacked and defeated them. They fled, leaving 16 of their men dead in space of 150 yards ; Williamson losing o' killed and 17 wounded. In this expedition he destroyed the Indian towns of Tomassy, Chehohee, and Eustash. All corn on this side of the middle settlements was destroyed, and the Indians were driven to support themselves on roots, berries, and wild fruit.

  • "Cherokee Prayer Site Guide, Including atrocity sites, death camps, missions, towns, battlefields, spiritual sites, etc.":
    X 11. Cheohee, or Cheowee
    (pronounced Chor-ee)
    8/11/1776- Destroyed by Williamson's men
    1751- Destroyed by Creeks

  • NBBAS:One p.162

  • RevWar75 RevWar75  
  • Aug 1776 listing   8/12/1776 Tamassy (Tamasee), Cheowee, Eustaste. American victory. Provides Archiveold link to CPI history page.

    Related locations:
    Tamassee,   Eustaste,  

    Confidence level:: 3

    12-12-16