Cassel (Kassel)

Other names:

Capitol of Hesse, principal provider
of so-called mercenaries to British

Where: 51.3197 9.475 Cassel (Kassel)

Maps: [map notes]


  • Edward Jackson Lowell, The Hessians and the Other German Auxiliaries of Great Britain in the Revolutionary War, p.1-3, 1884, Harper & Bros.
    The three or four hundred thousand inhabitants lived chiefly by the plough, but the Landgraves were in business. It was a profitable trade that they carried on, selling or letting out wares which were much in demand in that century, as in all centuries, for the Landgraves of Hesse-Cassel were dealers in men; thus it came to pass that Landgrave Frederick II. and his subjects played a part in American history, and that " Hessian" became a household word, though not a title of honor, in the United States. The Landgraves were not particular as to their market or their customers.

    ...The Landgraves of Hesse were not the only princes who dealt in troops. In the war of the American Revolution alone, six German rulers let out their soldiers to Great Britain. These were Frederick II., * Letter of Sir Joseph Yorke to the Earl of Suffolk, quoted in Kapp's " Soldatenhandel," 1st ed. p. 229. Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel; William, his son, the independent Count of Hesse-Hanau ; Charles I., Duke of Brunswick ; Frederick, Prince of Waldeck : Charles Alexander, Margrave of Anspach-Bayreuth ; and Frederick Augustus, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst. The action of these princes was opposed to the policy of the empire and to the moral sense of the age: but the emperor had no power to prevent it, for the subjection of those parts of Germany -which were outside of his hereditary dominions was little more than nominal. The map of Germany in the last century presents the most extraordinary patchwork.

  • Kitchin, Thomas, "Composite: Europe", 1787. Note listing of principal cities in lower left margins.



  • RevWar75 RevWar75  

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