Cape St. Vincent
Where: 37.121 -8.845 Cape St. Vincent
Maps: [map notes]
Allen, Joseph, Battles of the British Navy, Vol. I (1190-1799), London: Henry G. Bohn, 1852. Click on icon in u.r.h. corner to download pdf. P.297.
On the 16th of January, at 1 h. P.R., Cape St. Vincent
bearing north, distant four leagues, a fleet was discovered in
the south-east quarter, upon which the signal was made to
bear up east in line. At 2h. Admiral Rodney, perceiving
that the strange fleet was the one of which he had
intelligence, and that the ships were crowding all sail to
escape, made the signal for a general chase. The wind was
blowing strong from the westward, with hazy weather. The
coppered ships gained rapidly in the pursuit ; and shortly
after 4h. P.M. the 74-gun ships Defence, Bedford, Resolution,
and Edgar, Captains James Cranston, Edmund Aleck, Sir
Chaloner Ogle, and John Elliot, commenced firing on the
enemy, retreating in great disorder. The 64-gun ship
Bienfaisant., Captain John Macbride, having at a little before
oh. got up with the Spanish 70-gun ship San Domingo, the
latter blew up with a tremendous explosion, and every man
perished. One man, picked up by the Pegasus, was in so
dreadful a state, that he expired before reaching Gibraltar.
The action was continued during the night, which was dark
and squally ; but at 2h. A.B. on the following morning
Admiral Rodney, conceiving the enemy's ships to be all so
disabled as to prevent their escaping, and the wind having
increased to a gale, ordered the fleet to heave to.
- Wikipedia: Cape St. Vincent: "...a cape in the municipality of Sagres, in the Algarve, southern Portugal."
- Wikipedia: "Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780)".
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