Database:  Black Lake   Burch's Mill   Bowling Green  

Burch's Mill / Black Lake / Bowling Green.

Other names:

What:
Black Lake. *BG Marion vs. Maj. Ganey. Recapture of rice boat, ? June 1782
Burch's mill *BG Marion vs. Maj. Ganey. armistice, 8 June 1782
Bowling Green *BG Marion vs. Maj. Ganey. Ganey's men laid down their arms, ? June 1782

Where:
33.6882248, -79.1603211, Black Lake
34.06131, -79.53081, Burch's mill
34.250555, -79.399722, Bowling Green

  • Maps: [map notes]

  • Sources:
    • RevWar75   listing for June 1782, lists action as "Burch's Mill (Bowling Green, Black Lake). 8 June.

    • Since these sites are often seen bunched together, the inference is that these sites are quite close to each other, but that is not the case. From Black Lake to Burch's Mill is 33.4 miles. From Burch's Mill to Bowling Green is 15 miles. This sequence of events would have taken 2 or more days.

    • Burch

    • NBBAS:Four, p.73-4
      Revlist post

    • William Dobien James, Life of Francis Marion, 1820, Chapter 4 (page 60 in this version):
      As Ganey's party had been troublesome to the people of North Carolina, and had not observed the treaty of neutrality with Gen. Marion, made June 17th, 1781, a joint expedition was concerted between Gov. Matthews, of South and Gov. Martin of North Carolina, to subdue them.* Of this expedition Gen. Marion was to have the command. His very name was sufficient for the purpose intended. At Burch's mill on Pedee, a treaty was signed, (June 1782) by which Ganey's party agreed to lay down their arms as enemies of the state, to demean themselves hereafter as peaceable citizens, to deliver up all stolen property, to apprehend all who did not accede to the treaty now made, to take all deserters from the American army and deliver them up, to return to their allegiance and abjure that of his Britannic majesty. From this treaty, Gibson, who killed Col. Kolb, and Fanning and his party were excepted, but they escaped. Fanning was properly of North Carolina, but occasionally acted with Ganey, and was one of the most active men, and one of the most deliberate murderers of the whole party. But little defence had been made by the tories; only one skirmish took place, in which the general's friend, Robert James, was wounded; and at the Bowling Green, between Great and Little Pedee, at least five hundred men laid down their arms to Gen. Marion. Thus ended an opposition to the country, which commenced more from the desire of plunder than from principle, and which, except with regard to sex, and some to age, had been carried on in the true spirit of savage warfare.
    • From "Revolutionary War Marion County":
      June (?) 1782 - Black Lake - Site of skirmish, Colonel John Baxter's Company. In modern Horry County. Baxter and his men, assigned to patrol Britton's Neck (between the Great and Little Pee Dee), learned that the Loyalists had seized a boatload of rice near the mouth of Black Lake. When the Patriots arrived on the scene, the enemy fled, but they afterward fired on Baxter's troops as the latter were proceeding up the lake in canoes to recover the boat. Robert James, a personal friend of General Marion, was wounded in this encounter. (Terry Lipscomb, South Carolina Revolutionary Battles, Names in South Carolina, USC press, 1981)

    • JP: Terry Lipscomb from Names in South Carolina, Ch. 9, page 36, para. 1-3 on Bowling Green, Birch's Mill & Black Lake:
      The Tories in this region were commanded by Major Micajah Ganey, who had concluded a truce with General Marion, the previous year, after the Patriots had captured Georgetown. The truce was due to expire on June 17, and in view of the renewed Loyalist threat, the governors of North and South Carolina mounted a joint expedition under Marion's command. The Swamp Fox, who had already drawn up plans for this operation, had Patriot columns ready to move into the truce ground from three directions. The Tories were intimidated by Marion's approach, and they began to sue for terms. After complicated negotiations a personal meeting was arranged between Marion and Ganey, and on June 8 a new treaty was signed at Burch's Mill on the west side of the Pee Dee River. Marion remained at this camp until June 16, then marched north and within a few days crossed the river in the vicinity of Mars Bluff, proceeding to the Bowling Green in Marion County, where he accepted the surrender of several hundred Tories.

      Burch's Mill is thought to have heen located on Mill Branch in Florence County, east of state secondary road 57 and about a mile south of the confluence of Jefferies Creek and Great Pee Dee River. The savannah known as Bowling Green is shown on plats dating as early as 1789. It is located about four miles north of Marion, in the fork of U.S. 501 and state secondary road 23; the site is apparently between St. Phillips A.M.E. Church and Forks Chapel.

      The Tories offered no significant resistance to Marion's men during this expedition, and only one minor skirmish is reported to have occurred. The incident involved Colonel John Baxter's company, which had heen assigned to patrol Britton's Neck, the narrow strip of land between Great and Little Pee Dee, Rivers just above their junction. Baxter's men learned that the Loyalists had seized a boatload of rice near the mouth of Black Lake. When the Patriots arrived on the scene, the enemy fled, but they afterward fired on Baxter's troops as the latter were proceeding up the lake in canoes to recover the boat. Robert James, a personal friend of General Marion, was wounded in this encounter. Black Lake is an inlet on the east side of Great Pee Dee River a short distance below Britton's Neck. It is located in present Horry County about a mile and a half above Yauhannah Bridge, the modern U.S. 701 highway bridge. Judging from the 1825 map, the lake was formerly somewhat more extensive than is now the case."

    • JP: I have Burch's Mill at 34.06131, -79.53081 on Mill Branch Creek. Terry Lipscomb, Series of Articles in Names in South Carolina, Chapter 9, page 36, paragraphs 1 & 2. Basis for site location.

    • JP: I have Bowling Green at 34.250555, -79.399722. (1) SC Highway Historical Marker Guide , page 158, index #34-8; (2) Inquiry at County Historical Society in Marion; (3) Terry Lipscomb, Series of Articles in Names in South Carolina, Chapter 9, page 36, paragraphs 1 & 2. Basis for site location.

      Bowling Green

    • JP: Due to construction, the Bowling Green Historical marker is now located at 34.246388, -79.407777. (onsite gps).

    • Sherman, "Calendar..." . Nothing found. To avoid long downloads, use option to "Save and view this PDF in Reader".

    Related sites: Pee Dee Swamp

    Confidence level: See, above.

    12-6-16