Battle of Brooklyn
Battle of Brooklyn

Battle of Brooklyn

Other names:
Battle of Bushwick,   Battle of Long Island

LOCATIONS SOURCES MAPS ANIMATIONS WEB SITES HISTORICAL MARKERS REVWAR75 RELATED SITES BAT.of BKLYN BLOG

Locations of Interest

What: Battle Pass hm, arbitrarily selected
Gen. Washington vs. MG Lord Howe, 27 August 1776, American defeat

Where: 40.66610, -73.96685

Maps: [map notes]

  • 40.67260, -73.98355, Vechte-Cortelyou House ("Old Stone House"), original location.
  • ACME Mapper.
  • Google
  • National Map
  • Elevation 39 feet.
  • Confidence: 5

Note: All elevations not showing GNIS record are via GPSvisualizer GPSVisualizer from coordinates, interpolated from a digital elevation model.

Google Custom Map of above locations created with GPSVisualizer.

  • Mouse-over for names. Works on map and on location list.
  • Driving directions available. E.g., in current traffic conditions, for me to Battle Pass, it would be 677 mi, take 11h 49m, more than half on I-81 and none on I-95.
  • Note that "Battle Pass", "Dongan Oak" (095 89') and "Line of Defense" (014 68') are so close that only "Battle Pass" is plotted. See map links to both above.
  • Other map backgrounds suggested (u.r.h. corner): terrain, hybrid.
  • If background is incomplete, click "reload/refresh".
  • Some locations, of necessity, are modern. Corrections to 1776 are most welcome.

Google Earth Map of all above plus those for Marylander Burial locations created with GPSVisualizer.

  • Driving directions available.
  • All locations plotted, including those close to others.
  • Drag the little man onto the map for street view. There is a bit of a learning curve but it is well worth the effort.

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Sources

A-G     H-R     S-Z    

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Maps

  • Google Custom Map & Google Earth Map including all identified locations including those for the Marylander Burial Site.

  • Magnetic declination at the location of the Battle of Brooklyn and for mid-year 1766 (date of Ratzer's map) was , per GeoMag: 4.57 W. (true north was 4.57 degrees to the east of magnetic north. This appears to have had some effect upon Ratzer's map orientation.

  • Inset from George Sproule's "A Plan of the Environs of Brooklyn" 1776-1783
    Sproule map labelled to show modern landmarks, indicating that the British were planning to attack the inner line of defense after the Battle of Brooklyn on 27 August 1776. Click for larger view. Sproule

  • From NYPL Digital Gallery, Plan of the city of New York in North America : surveyed in the years 1766 & 1767 / B. Ratzer, lieutt. in His Majestys 6... (Jany. 12, 1776) , Image ID: 434801. This is in a "map-server" that allows one to zoom in on a small portion of the map at a time.

    stiles-big
    Ratzer


  • A large version of part of Ratzer's 1766 map from Brooklyn Genealogy Information Page . Shown in 2 parts: west end and east end.

    JR The 2 parts re-combined into a single map

    stiles-big
    combined

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  • 16 This map accessed from Wikimedia follows page 62 in the Stiles' book, but regrettably, is completely unreadable in the above online book version. The page numbers referenced are to Stiles'book. It is based on Plan of the city of New York in North America : surveyed in the years 1766 & 1767 / B. Ratzer, lieutt. in His Majestys 6... (Jany. 12, 1776).
    NOTE: Top of map is NNW. This is one of the better, small scale versions of the map. Click on image twice for large version.

    stiles-big


  • Another Stiles 1867 map. Click on image twice for large map. Top of map is NNW.

    stiles-big
    Stiles

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  • Wiki 1776 British map of the Battle of Brooklyn By British Royal Engineers under Major James Moncrief. details. Click on image for larger version.

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  • Gutenberg Johnston, Henry P., Plan of the Battle of Long Island and of Brooklyn Defences, August 17th 1776. Top of the map is SE (N is l.l.h. corner). Note common orientation with Colton's 1849 map, preceding. Click on image twice for large version.
    HPJ-big HPJ

  • Gutenberg Johnston, Henry P., "The Maps" from The Campaign of 1776 around New York and Brooklyn, by Henry P. Johnston, Brooklyn, N.Y.: Published By The Long Island Historical Society. 1878.

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    Simple Animations

  • HistAnim From History Animated, "The Battle for New York".

  • YouTube. Click icon in l.r.h. corner for full-screen. Esc to exit fullscreen.
  • ArchiveHistory "Washington Escapes Brooklyn"

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    Related Webpages

  • Wiki from WikiPedia.

  • BoL "The Battle of Brooklyn, August 1776" from Brooklyn On Line.

  • BritBatls "The Battle of Long Island 1776" from BritishBattles.com.

  • MyRevWar "The Battle of Long Island August 27, 1776" from MyRevolutionaryWar.com.

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    Historical Markers

  • For historical markers related to the Marylander Mass Grave, see "Historical Markers" on that website. Click "back" to return here.


  • From the article on the Vechte-Cortelyou House (click "back" to return) on the Marylander Mass Grave website:
    Many years after the engagement a tablet to commemorate the event was placed in the sidewalk of 5th Avenue. It has since been incorporated in the north gable of the reconstructed house. It reads:

    Here on the 27th of August, 1776, Two hundred and fifty out
    of four hundred brave Maryland soldiers, under the command
    of Lord STIRLING, were killed in combat with British troops
    under CORNWALLIS.

    40.67260, -73.98355, elevation 39'.


  • Dongan Oak Marker
    Click on images for larger views.
    40.66608, -73.96653, elevation 101'

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  • Battle Pass Marker
    Click on image twice for larger view.

    HISTORIC MARKER OF BATTLE PASS

    AT THIS POINT THE OLD PORTE ROAD OR VALLEY GROVE ROAD
    INTERSECTED THE LINE OF HILLS SEPARATING FLATBUSH FROM
    BROOKLYN AND GOWANUS. IN THE BATTLE OF LONG ISLAND, AUGUST
    27, 1776, THIS PASS WAS BARRICADED IN FRONT BY DONGAN OAK
    AND OTHER OBSTRUCTIONS. IT WAS PROTECTED BY ARTILLERY ON
    REDOUBT HILL JUST TO THE EAST. HERE THE AMERICAN FORCES
    STOOD THEIR GROUND AGAINST THE HESSIANS COMING FROM THE
    SOUTH TILL FLANKED FROM THE RIVER BY A BODY OF BRITISH TROOPS.
    GENERAL SULLIVAN WAS CAPTURED, BUT MOST OF HIS TROOPS
    RETREATED ACROSS WHAT IS NOW THE LONG MEADOW, JOINING
    THE MARYLAND AND OTHER TROOPS FOR THE FINAL RESISTANCE
    NEAR THE OLD STONE HOUSE OF GOWANUS.

    40.66610, -73.96685, elevation 112'


  • Line of Defense Marker
    Click on image twice for larger view.

    LINE OF DEFENSE

    AUGUST 27, 1776
    BATTLE OF LONG ISLAND
    175 FEET SOUTH >>------>
    SITE OF VALLEY GROVE HOUSE
    <------<< 150 FEET NORTH

    40.66628, -73.96679, elevation 107'

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  • Redoubt Hill marker
    From GBooks Annual Report of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society to the Legislature of the State of New York, 1918, p.281:

    REDOUBT HILL

       This hill was fortified with cannon to command the highway
       through these wooded hills in our first great national battle on
       August 27th, 1776. This pass was then the only highway through
       the hills between Flatbush, Brooklyn, and Gowanus, being then
       part of the Old Flatbush and Brooklyn road and now part of
       our East drive.
             Americans under General Sullivan held this strategic point,
       which was on our line of defense, the inner line being on the west  
       side of Gowanus Creek.
             As a result of a frontal attack by Hessians and a flank attack   
       by the English, General Sullivan was captured. Most of his men
       retreated and joined General Lord Stirling at Gowanus Creek,
       where the chief and final engagement took place.

    This marker, present more than 90 years ago, has long since been removed. The signs were described as being painted on wood, olive green with buff lettering (emulated above). The Battle Pass marker describes its location as "on redoubt hill just to the east". No location has been identified. Any assistance would be appreciated.

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    RevWar75 RevWar75  

    • Listing for August 1776
      8/22 - 23/1776 Flatbush, Long Island. Draw.
      8/25/1776 Long Island. Draw.
      8/26/1776 Long Island Sound, near Killing, HMS Niger. Draw.
      8/27/1776 Long Island (Bushwick, or Brooklyn). American defeat.
      8/28/1776 Jamaica (Brookland, Carpenter's House). American defeat
      8/29 -30/1776 Americans evacuate Long Island. Draw.
      8/29/1776 Governor's Island HMS Roebuck. Draw.
      8/30/1776 Governor's Island HMS Roebuck. Draw.
      8/31/1776 Governor's Island HMS Roebuck. Draw.
    • Listing for September 1776
      9/1/1776 Governor's Island HMS Roebuck. Draw.
      9/6/1776 Governor's Island HM Fireship Strombolo. American defeat.

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    Related locations:
    Marylander Mass Grave, Brooklyn

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    12-7-16