Database

Boyd's Creek.

What:
8 Dec 1780, *Col. John Sevier vs. Chicamaugans
16 Dec 1780, *Col. John Sevier vs. Chicamaugans

Other names:

Where:
35.9234211 -83.6590618, Boyd's Creek

Maps: [map notes]

  • 35.89016 -83.72579, Boyd Creek Skirmish, (E on AcmeMap, below). Given as about 1 mile from Seymour High School. Location used.
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 4 (for skirmish)

  • 35.88092 -83.74463, Seymour High School, (D on AcmeMap, below). Given as about 1 mile from site of action.
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 3 (for skirmish)

  • 35.90435,-83.69591, Boyd's Creek, CPI location (A on AcmeMap, below.)
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • Confidence: 2 (for skirmish)

  • 35.9300879 -83.6468393, Boyd's Creek, mouth of creek (B on AcmeMap, below)
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • GNIS record for Boyd's Creek. Note mapping options.
  • Confidence: 5 (for mouth of creek), 1 (for skirmish)

  • 35.9234211 -83.6590618, Boyd's Creek community (C on AcmeMap, below)
  • ACME Mapper.
  • National Map
  • Google
  • GNIS record for Boyd's Creek. Note mapping options.
  • Confidence: 5 (for community), 2 (for 8 Dec skirmish), 0 (for 16 Dec Skirmish)

  • Acme AcmeMap of above locations. Location E is that used for action. One source said that the action was near the community of Rocky Spring which would have been near the CPI location A.

Sources:

  • "The day was December 16th, 1780..."
    So, the "Battle of Boyd's Creek" about a mile from Seymour High School took place on this cold winter's day.

  • Boyd's Creek from old Tiger Map server (no longer online)
    Boyds Cr

  • The Battle of Boyd's Creek, 16 Dec 1780. TNGenWeb.

  • NBBAS:Two p.379-380
    Patrick O'Kelley: Revlist post. 8 Dec 1780, John Sevier vs. Chicamaugans, Boyd's Creek
  • NBBAS:Two p.388-389
    Patrick O'Kelley: Revlist post. Mention (without date) in post "Chota Town, Chilhowee and Telassee, Tennessee, Cherokee Campaign of 1780, 22-26 December 1780"

  • James Gettys McGready Ramsey, "The Battle of Boyd's Creek, 16 Dec 1780". Suggested by Carl P. This site quotes: The Annals of Tennessee to the End of The Eighteenth Century, 1853, John Russell. This is a source used by Edward McCrady.
    The pursuit was continued vigorously by the troops, who crossed French Broad at the Big Island and encamped on Boyd's Creek. The next day, early in the morning, the advance guard under the command of Captain STINSON, continued the march, and at the distance of three miles found the encampment of the enemy and their fires still burning. A reinforcement was immediately ordered to the front, and the guard was directed if it came up with the Indians, to fire upon them and retreat, and thus draw them on. Three-quarters of a mile from their camp, the enemy fired upon the advance from an ambuscade. It returned the fire and retreated, and, as had been anticipated, was pursued by the enemy till it joined the main body. This was formed into three divisions: the centre commanded by Col. John Sevier, the right wing by Major Jesse Walton, and the left by Major Jonathan Tipton. Orders were given that as soon as the enemy should approach the front, the right wing should wheel to the left, and the left wing to the right, and thus enclose them. .... Major Walton with the right wing wheeled briskly to the left, and performed the order which he was to execute with precise accuracy.

  • Theodore Roosevelt, Winning of the West, Vol. II. Use Control-F and seach for December 16th. Suggested by Carl P. (noting disparity of wing assigned to Maj. Walton).
    Sevier started first, with between two and three hundred of his Watauga and Nolichucky followers. He marched down to the French Broad, .... He instantly crossed, and made a swift march towards the would-be marauders, camping on Boyd's Creek. The scouts were out by sunrise next morning--December 16th,--and speedily found the Indian encampment, which the warriors had just left. On receipt of the news Sevier ordered the scouts to run on, attack the Indians, and then instantly retreat, so as to draw them into an ambuscade. Meanwhile the main body followed cautiously after, the men spread out in a long line, with the wings advanced; the left wing under Major Jesse Walton, the right under Major Jonathan Tipton, while Sevier himself commanded the centre, which advanced along the trail by which the scouts were to retreat. When the Indians were drawn into the middle, the two wings were to close in, when the whole party would be killed or captured.

    archiveCherokee Prayer Initiative:

      archive Cherokee Prayer Site Guide. Also found here. See site #507.
      507. Battle of Boyd's Creek
      December 16, 1780
      500 white families moved in after Revolution. Old Tassel appeared to Virginia and North Carolina Governors who did nothing. (GW)
      Frontiersmen in Horseshoe shape defeated Cherokees– 1780 (FB)
      [JR listing of CPI location derived from CPI map below: TN Boyd's Creek - Battle of 507,Frontiersmen in Horseshoe shape defeated Cherokees– 16 Dec 1780,35.90435,-83.69591 ]

      archive Historical Notes on the Cherokee People, Linda Fulmer. Also see here.
      Sources (Bibliography).
      Ref's provided:
      [GW] Grace Steele Woodward, The Cherokees, 1963.
      [FB] Wilma Dykeman, The French Broad, 1955.

    • CPI Map: Knoxville-north to Cumberland Gap, TN. #507. Large.

  • RevWar75 RevWar75  
    Dec 1780 listing.
    12/8/1780 French Broad River (Boyd Creek). Shown as American victory.
    12/16/1780 Cherokee Towns (Tellico, Echota, Citico, Hiwasee, Chestowee, Toqua, &c). Shown as American victory.

    Related sites:

    Submitted by: Patrick O'Kelley.

    Confidence level: 4

    12-7-16