Execution of Adam Cusack
What: Execution, Adam Cusack vs. *Maj. James Wemyss, Aug or Sep 1780
Where: 34.518611 -79.843888 Execution of Adam Cusack
Maps: [map notes]
- Alexander Gregg, History of the Old Cheraws, Richardson And Company, 1867 pp.266-267; 300; 302-307; 332:
This was emphatically true of Major Wemys, of the 63rd regiment. He marched, soon after the fall of Charlestown, from George-town to Cheraw, on the west side of the river, destroying property of every description, and treating the inhabitants with relentless cruelty.
The dwellings of Nathan Savage at the mouth of Lynche's Creek, of Jordan Gibson at Little Bluff, or Wiggin's Landing, and of Moses Murphy in the same neighbourhood, with many others, were burned. Among the first to feel the effects of the fury of this merciless officer, was Adam Cusack, a noted Whig, who had rendered himself particularly obnoxious to the enemies of his country. He had neither taken parole as a prisoner nor protection as a British subject ; and was charged with no other crime than refusing to transport some British officers over a ferry, and shooting at them across a river.* Another account states that he had shot at the black servant of a Tory officer, John Brockington, whom he knew, across Black Creek. He was taken prisoner soon after, and for this offence tried by a court martial, and, on the evidence of the negro, condemned.+ His wife and children prostrated themselves before Wemys as he was on horseback, for a pardon, who would have ridden over them, had not one of his own officers prevented the foul deed. From this scene he proceeded on to superintend the execution. Cusack was carried to Long Bluff and hung.++
Footnote: *Ramsay's" Revolution," vol. ii. p. 156. + James's" Life of Marion," p. 58. ++ He was hung about the spot first occupied by the depot of the Cheraw and Darlington Railroad, at the foot of the hill, below the village of Society Hill, then on the public road leading from Cheraw to George-town.
- William Dobein James, A Sketch of the Life of Brig. Gen. Francis Marion, Excerpts from Preface, Chapter II, Campaign of 1780, p. 58
Chapter II.*Campaign Of 1780. At length Maj. James arrived. The news was, that the country through which Wemyss had marched, for seventy miles in length, and at places for fifteen miles in width, exhibited one continued scene of desolation. On most of the plantations every house was burnt to the ground, the negroes were carried off, the inhabitants plundered, the stock, especially sheep, wantonly killed; and all the provisions, which could be come at, destroyed. Fortunately the corn was not generally housed, and much of that was saved. Capt. James had fired upon a party at M'Gill's plantation; but it only increased the rage of the enemy. Adam Cusan had shot at the black servant of a tory officer, John Brockington, whom he knew, across Black creek. He was taken prisoner soon after, and for this offence, tried by a court martial, and, on the evidence of the negro, hanged. His wife and children prostrated themselves before Wemyss, on horseback, for a pardon; and he would have rode over them, had not one of his own officers prevented the foul deed; from this scene he proceeded on to superintend the execution. But these acts of wantonness and cruelty had roused the militia; and Maj. James reported they were ready to join the general. Marion, in a few days after, returned to South Carolina by a forced march.
- NBBAS:Four p.308-309.
Revlist post: "Wemyss's Raid (Church burning!!)"
Revlist post: "Executions by British"
- Sherman, "Calendar..." . Search for cusack. . To avoid long downloads, use option to "Save and view this PDF in Reader".
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Cheraw Hicks Creek, Hem Branch, Black Creek 4 (Location in Chesterfield County unknown)